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The Franciscan subduction complex formed over a protracted, ~150 m.y. period, during Late Jurassic to late Cenozoic subduction of oceanic lithosphere beneath the western margin of the North American continent. Growth of the complex occurred chiefly by progressive accretion, in which voluminous sediment was eroded from the magmatic arc and continent, deposited in the trench region, and then progressively subducted and accreted soon after deposition. The Yolla Bolly terrane, a major Franciscan subunit, has stood out as a possible exception to a progressive-accretion model. Yolla Bolly clastic rocks are almost barren of fossils, but there are ~13 localities with...

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