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The Sierras Pampeanas in the west-central part of Argentina are a modern analog for Laramide uplifts in the western United States. In this region, the Nazca plate is subducting beneath South America almost horizontally at about ~100 km depth before descending into the mantle. The flat-slab geometry correlates with the inland prolongation of the subducted oceanic Juan Fernández Ridge. This region of Argentina is characterized by the termination of the volcanic arc and uplift of the active basement-cored Sierras Pampeanas. The upper plate shows marked differences in seismic properties that are interpreted as variations in crustal composition in agreement with...

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