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Journal Article
Published: 01 January 2021
Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry (2021) 86 (1): 401–428.
.... 2014 ; Affolter et al. 2015 ; Schauer et al. 2016 ; Tian et al. 2016 ). Reported δ 18 O in natural waters so far ranges from −69.6‰ (East Antarctic snow) to 29.2‰ (Sistan Desert, Iran) and, thus, covers a total range of approximately 100‰ ( Surma et al. 2015 ; Touzeau et al. 2016 ). In order...
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Journal Article
Journal: Geophysics
Published: 10 June 2020
Geophysics (2020) 85 (4): H39–H49.
...Federico Di Paolo; Barbara Cosciotti; Sebastian E. Lauro; Elisabetta Mattei; Elena Pettinelli ABSTRACT The use of the ground-penetrating-radar (GPR) technique to estimate snow parameters such as thickness, density, and snow water equivalent (SWE) is particularly promising because it allows...
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Journal Article
Published: 13 April 2020
Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences (2020) 57 (11): 1305–1311.
.... In July 2017, three of the large, late-lying snowbanks occupying incipient terraces on the north side of Frost Ridge were surveyed with a handheld GPS and three snow pits were excavated in a transect bisecting the approximate middle of each snowbank. Temperature and density measurements were recorded...
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Published: 01 January 2019
DOI: 10.1144/SP467.4
EISBN: 9781786203625
..., annual melting of surface ice and snow deposits during late-season discharge events contribute to transport of water, but flux rarely surpasses the infiltration capacity of the active layer. These small discharge events do not erode channels of significant width. Even when the flux is sufficient to carve...
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Series: Geological Society, London, Special Publications
Published: 01 January 2018
DOI: 10.1144/SP466.24
EISBN: 9781786203786
... close to 0°C. This creates a new, paradoxical effect: warm episodes during late winter. To provide an example, the inflow of snowmelt underground significantly cools the cave of Rio Martino in Italy ( Fig. 3 ). Fig. 3. External snow melting, Rio Martino cave, Italy. Cave temperature shown in blue...
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Series: Geological Society, London, Special Publications
Published: 01 January 2018
DOI: 10.1144/SP462.4
EISBN: 9781786203434
... Snow and ice are important parameters which control the Earth’s energy balance. Meltwater from snow and ice play a significant role in river discharge. A large source of runoff and groundwater recharge in mountainous areas is melting snow and ice at higher and middle elevations. Barnett et al...
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Series: Geological Society, London, Special Publications
Published: 01 January 2018
DOI: 10.1144/SP462.8
EISBN: 9781786203434
... Abstract Snow albedo is an important climate parameter as it governs the amount of solar energy absorbed by the snow and can be considered a major contributor to the surface radiation budget. The present study deals with the estimation of temporal variation of snow albedo at the upper elevation...
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Series: Geological Society, London, Special Publications
Published: 01 January 2018
DOI: 10.1144/SP462.10
EISBN: 9781786203434
... Abstract We describe a time series of meteorological parameters and surface energy balance components of a seasonal snow cover from an automatic weather station (4863 m a.s.l., 32.28° N, 77.58° E), for a winter season from 1 December 2012 to 30 March 2013, located on a moraine close...
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Journal Article
Published: 01 October 2016
Vadose Zone Journal (2016) 15 (10): vzj2016.04.0036.
... growing seasons, with each growing season starting from the initial conditions as measured on 1 April. The focus was on the growing season to ensure sensitivity of the optimized root water uptake parameter R 0 ( Eq. [5] ). The winter periods were also avoided because of uncertainty about snow input...
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Journal Article
Published: 01 October 2016
Vadose Zone Journal (2016) 15 (10): vzj2016.03.0018.
... and compared with soil, geology, slope, aspect, and elevation at the sequoia groves to understand the vulnerability of the groves to soil moisture stress. The TWI values were also compared with snow cover persistence derived from 12 yr of MODIS snow cover products. In addition, satellite soil moisture products...
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Journal Article
Published: 23 June 2016
Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences (2016) 53 (10): 1010–1028.
..., and vegetation contrasts in uplands and mountains. Extensive work in Schefferville (see Fig. 1 ) in the 1960s and 1970s, however, demonstrated the importance of snow cover for permafrost distribution. Forested areas lacked permafrost, while at higher elevation, thin snow covers due to wind scouring...
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Journal Article
Journal: Elements
Published: 01 June 2016
Elements (2016) 12 (3): 191–196.
..., compared to the Earth's surface, render them excellent tracers of Solar System, atmospheric, oceanographic, and geologic processes. These processes can be recovered from the records preserved in marine and terrestrial sediments, including snow and ice. We review evidence from these natural archives...
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Journal Article
Published: 01 February 2016
Russ. Geol. Geophys. (2016) 57 (2): 316–328.
... for the reduction of lacustrine-alga population since the end of the Little Ice Age. We assume that the decrease in the Oron bioproductivity was mainly due to a deficit of nutrients caused by the inflow of ultrafresh waters from the thawing glaciers, snow patches, and seasonal snow cover of the Kodar Ridge during...
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Journal Article
Journal: Geophysics
Published: 29 January 2016
Geophysics (2016) 81 (1): WA213–WA223.
...Lino Schmid; Jürg Schweizer; John Bradford; Hansruedi Maurer ABSTRACT Snow stratigraphy and liquid water content are key contributing factors to avalanche formation. Upward-looking ground-penetrating radar (upGPR) systems allow nondestructive monitoring of the snowpack, but deriving density...
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Journal Article
Journal: Geophysics
Published: 28 August 2015
Geophysics (2016) 81 (1): WA13–WA20.
... stratigraphy and the difficulty of extensive profiling over rough snow surfaces. Our goal was to find further information on the origin of the deposition and formation of intra-ice layers, bottom topography, and subbottom deposits using GPR with pulses centered near 850 MHz on two permanently ice-covered lakes...
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Journal Article
Published: 12 March 2015
Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences (2015) 52 (5): 307–321.
... start are generally located below 100 m in altitude. The avalanche slopes have a flat surface at the top, with no trees, allowing the wind to transfer the snow and quickly overload the tops of the slopes, thus fostering an avalanche regime patterned on the storms. In the Québec City and Lévis regions...
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Journal Article
Published: 01 August 2014
Vadose Zone Journal (2014) 13 (8): vzj2014.02.0013.
... done in triplicate for each type of device. An aqueous contaminated solution was prepared in the laboratory to make the tests. Clean snow from Canadian Forces Base Valcartier (Québec) was collected in February 2010 in 200-L high-density polyethylene (HDPE) drums and melted at the INRS laboratory...
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Journal Article
Published: 01 November 2013
Vadose Zone Journal (2013) 12 (4): vzj2012.0162.
...T.J. Kelleners Abstract A new numerical model was developed to calculate coupled water flow and heat transport in seasonally frozen soil and snow. Separate equations were presented to describe both unsaturated and saturated soil water flow. The effect of dissolved ions on soil water freezing point...
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Journal Article
Journal: Geology
Published: 01 August 2013
Geology (2013) 41 (8): 851–854.
...Benjamin R. Edwards; Jeffrey Karson; Robert Wysocki; Einat Lev; Ilya Bindeman; Ulrich Kueppers Abstract Quantitative measurements of interactions between lava and ice/snow are critical for improving our knowledge of glaciovolcanic hazards and our ability to use glaciovolcanic deposits...
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Journal Article
Published: 04 March 2013
Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences (2013) 50 (4): 406–422.
... 1000 and 4000 m 3 . One of the collapses triggered an avalanche of snow loaded with ice blocks. The avalanche reached a distance of more than 250 m from the rock face and the volume of the deposit, essentially ice (>80%) and snow, was estimated at 5000 m 3 . The debris displaced by the ice blocks...
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