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Journal Article
Published: 01 December 2009
Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America (2009) 99 (6): 3502–3509.
...Andrea Billi; Liliana Minelli; Barbara Orecchio; Debora Presti Abstract The source of the catastrophic 1908 Messina tsunami, southern Italy, is studied by best-fitting the available datasets of observed runup with a previously published empirical function (i.e., the expected runup distribution...
FIGURES
Journal Article
Published: 01 June 2008
Journal of Sedimentary Research (2008) 78 (6): 390–409.
... paleotsunami overtopping flows might have also caused scour in the back-barrier wetlands. Assuming a 1.0 m water column height and a 1.0 m lower sea level at 1 ka, the three overtopping paleotsunami are estimated to have had minimum runup heights of 8 m relative to mean lower low water. 16 12 2007 20...
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Journal Article
Published: 01 August 2010
Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America (2010) 100 (4): 1695–1709.
...-field tsunami than had been available to date. We examine the effects of internal slip distribution within complex earthquake ruptures on near-field tsunami runup and evaluate some of the limitations of this approach. Our approach compares tsunami-deposit distribution with simulated runup from tsunamis...
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Journal Article
Published: 01 January 2007
Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America (2007) 97 (1A): S249–S270.
... earthquake information and are used to estimate tsunami wave heights during propagation. An empirical forecast relationship based only on seismic moment provides a close estimate to the observed mean regional and maximum local tsunami runup heights for the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami but underestimates mean...
FIGURES | View All (11)
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Tsunami <b>runup</b> marked by debris at four locations along the study area. (a) ...
Published: 11 November 2020
Figure 5. Tsunami runup marked by debris at four locations along the study area. (a) El Violín Beach, (b) Marina Chahué, and (c) Playa Yerbabuena—SEMAR. The color version of this figure is available only in the electronic edition.
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Debris-flow features of the 2014 Oso landslide. (A) Debris-flow <b>runup</b> on st...
Published: 25 June 2019
Figure 11. Debris-flow features of the 2014 Oso landslide. (A) Debris-flow runup on standing trees in the distal reaches of the debris-flow deposit. Here, the position of the debris indicates a flow direction toward the view of the camera. The back-side flow height (dashed white line) indicates
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Realization 47 of 90. (a) Maximum tsunami amplitude; (b) <b>runup</b> height along...
Published: 22 May 2019
Figure 4. Realization 47 of 90. (a) Maximum tsunami amplitude; (b) runup height along latitude in meters. The color version of this figure is available only in the electronic edition.
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Average maximum amplitude with its <b>runup</b> minimum, maximum, and average for ...
Published: 22 May 2019
Figure 5. Average maximum amplitude with its runup minimum, maximum, and average for different nesting level. White box depicts the next nested level. (a) First nesting level; (b) second nesting level; (c) third nesting level; (d) fourth nesting level. The fifth is shown in a different figure
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Tsunami <b>runup</b> measured at coastal sites and vertical coseismic displacement...
Published: 14 April 2015
Figure 3. Tsunami runup measured at coastal sites and vertical coseismic displacements measured at GPS stations ( Nykolaishen et al. , 2015 ) and at coastal sites, as indicated by the lower elevations of the upper limits of sessile intertidal organisms relative to control sites Otard Bay
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(A) Longshore profiles of maximum wave elevation and <b>runup</b> for Cascadia tsu...
in > Geosphere
Published: 01 December 2013
Figure 13. (A) Longshore profiles of maximum wave elevation and runup for Cascadia tsunami scenario XXL1. The profiles depict how topographic ramps can elevate wave runup above tsunami wave elevation at the shoreline. Wave runup exceeds wave elevations at the mean higher high water (MHHW
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▴ Tsunami <b>runup</b> data (and related best-fits obtained applying  Equation 1 )...
Published: 01 November 2010
Figure 2. ▴ Tsunami runup data (and related best-fits obtained applying Equation 1 ) plotted along a track parallel to the coast of eastern Sicily ( Figure 1 ). Note that the vertical scale is the same for the three diagrams, whereas the horizontal scale is different for the diagram in (B
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Example calculations of sediment <b>runup</b> from tsunami-deposit extent and defi...
Published: 01 August 2010
Figure 3. Example calculations of sediment runup from tsunami-deposit extent and definitions of tsunami terminology. (a) Hypothetical topographic profile showing the difference between inundation, runup, and tsunami height. Inundation and runup are both measured at the farthest inland extent
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(a) Decision tree for determining agreement between simulated <b>runup</b> and fie...
Published: 01 August 2010
Figure 6. (a) Decision tree for determining agreement between simulated runup and field observations based on different field-observation data types. (b) Equations used for calculating the best-fit slip distributions. The three methods are implemented for each source model; the results are ranked
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(a) <b>Runup</b> data and related best-fits (equation  1 ) for the 1908 Messina ts...
Published: 01 December 2009
Figure 2. (a) Runup data and related best-fits (equation  1 ) for the 1908 Messina tsunami along the Ionian coast of Sicily. See the diagram track (A-A’) in Figure  1b . Data in (a), (b), and (c) are from Platania (1909) , Baratta (1910) , and Gerardi et al. (2008) , respectively (Tables  3
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Comparison of tsunami <b>runup</b> observations (black bars, gray for single  loca...
Published: 01 January 2007
Figure 7. Comparison of tsunami runup observations (black bars, gray for single location observations) with estimates from three sets of end-member source parameters using the stochastic source model. Modeled runup is approximated by applying an amplification factor of 2 to the peak nearshore
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Top : Tsunami <b>runup</b> plotted as a function of longitude along the coastline....
Published: 01 July 2003
Figure 4 . Top : Tsunami runup plotted as a function of longitude along the coastline. Because of the larger bays affecting runup on the offshore islands, data from the latter are given different symbols. Bottom : Comparison with runup data from PNG98, plotted on the same scale. Also shown
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Top : Amplitude of simulated <b>runup</b> along the mainland coast, plotted as a f...
Published: 01 July 2003
Figure 6. Top : Amplitude of simulated runup along the mainland coast, plotted as a function of longitude. Crosses identify individual data from Table 1 . Bottom : Seismic deformation computed using Okada's ( 1985 ) algorithm. Bathymetric contour intervals are noted on the figure. Equal
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Distribution of <b>runup</b> values as a function of distance along the beach, plo...
Published: 01 November 2002
Figure 8. Distribution of runup values as a function of distance along the beach, plotted for the 2001 Peruvian earthquake (A), the 1992 Nicaragua tsunami earthquake (B), and the 1998 Papua New Guinea (PNG) event (C). All three frames use common scales. The solid dots are the original runup
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Histograms of <b>runup</b> values measured in the present study, binned at 1 m int...
Published: 01 July 2002
Figure 6. Histograms of runup values measured in the present study, binned at 1 m intervals. Top: Overland runup values in the Marquesas (histogram bars shown as open blocks). Note the preponderance of values in the 5–8 m range; the largest value (14.6 m) was obtained in Tahauku Valley, Hiva Oa
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Correlation between inundation and <b>runup</b> for overland penetration (top) and...
Published: 01 July 2002
Figure 7. Correlation between inundation and runup for overland penetration (top) and riverbed sites (bottom). Note the mediocre correlation coefficients.