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firestorms

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Journal Article
Journal: Geology
Published: 01 December 2009
Geology (2009) 37 (12): 1147–1148.
.../G20439.1 . Goldin T.J. Melosh H.J. 2009 , Self-shielding of thermal radiation by Chicxulub impact ejecta: Firestorm or fizzle? : Geology , v. 37 ; p . 1135 – 1138 ; doi: 10.1130/G30433A.1 Harvey M.C. Brassell S.C. Belcher C.M. Montanari A. 2008 , Combustion...
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Journal Article
Journal: Geology
Published: 01 December 2009
Geology (2009) 37 (12): 1135–1138.
... firestorm. Furthermore, recent modeling work ( Artemieva and Morgan, 2009 ) argues that some portion of the distal ejecta was distributed nonballistically at lower velocities. Due to possible overestimates of the high-velocity ejecta and exclusion of opacity sources such as clouds and haze, our models may...
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Journal Article
Journal: Elements
Published: 01 December 2012
Elements (2012) 8 (6): 451–457.
...Geoffrey S. Plumlee; Suzette A. Morman; Angus Cook Abstract History abounds with accounts of cities that were destroyed or significantly damaged by natural or anthropogenic disasters, such as volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, wildland–urban wildfires, hurricanes, tsunamis, floods, urban firestorms...
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Journal Article
Journal: Geology
Published: 01 January 1998
Geology (1998) 26 (1): 7–10.
... deposits are interpreted as fall material contemporaneously redeposited by strong (up to 40 m/s) swirling winds, comparable to firestorm whirlwinds, generated by air currents associated with coeval emplacement of pyroclastic flows. Recognition of hybrid fall deposits is important in interpreting...
Journal Article
Journal: Geology
Published: 01 January 2004
Geology (2004) 32 (1): e50.
... have no first-hand experience with the intensity of continental-scale wildfires. Perhaps the only similar phenomena in recent history are the firestorms that were caused by incendiary bombing in World War II. In July 1943, for example, the firestorm in Hamburg, Germany, burned approximately ten square...
Journal Article
Journal: Geology
Published: 01 January 2004
Geology (2004) 32 (1): e50–e51.
... background level recorded) when compared to the charcoal record of the Late Cretaceous. Robertson et al. claim high temperatures would destroy charcoal produced in a K-T firestorm. They favor the model of Melosh et al. (1990) , which predicted atmospheric temperatures of ~827 °C following the K-T impact...
Image
In this figure, we combined a published USGS shakemap of the greater Los An...
Published: 01 December 2012
or firestorm damage to relatively small numbers of larger facilities (e.g. petroleum facilities, chemical manufacturing plants, and wastewater treatment plants shown here), collectively large numbers of smaller facilities, and residential areas can release large volumes of hazardous materials
Journal Article
Published: 01 April 2005
The Canadian Mineralogist (2005) 43 (2): 843–844.
... in safes; where could the material be more isolated?!) adds fuel to an already senseless firestorm on the asbestos issue. The mixture of units, tubes 10 mm in diameter and 12 to 18 inches in length (p. 155), is an unfortunate oversight. Finally, gamma rays have wavelengths, not cosmic rays (p. 169...
Journal Article
Published: 01 March 2000
Seismological Research Letters (2000) 71 (2): 181–183.
..., a nurse, a police officer, and countless others who survived the quake and the subsequent firestorm. Barker provides an introduction and historical background to the accounts, which are arranged chronologically. 320 pages; $16.95 plus $2.50 shipping (California residents add 8.5% sales tax). Available...
Journal Article
Journal: Geology
Published: 01 December 2010
Geology (2010) 38 (12): 1147–1148.
... Ma) glacial deposits. The catchy phrase “Snowball Earth” was coined by Kirschvink (1992) , but the Snowball Earth hypothesis received a strong boost following publication of a paper by Hoffman et al. (1998) , and the subsequent firestorm of discussions and counter-arguments. The snowball condition...
Journal Article
Journal: GSA Bulletin
Published: 01 May 2004
GSA Bulletin (2004) 116 (5-6): 760–768.
... ( Wolbach et al., 1988 , p. 668) and the present atmospheric oxygen mass of 1.1 × 10 21 g). However, there might have been local oxygen deficiencies near or under the fire, as in firestorms over burning cities in war. This possibility would not have affected vertebrates that were able to spend extended...
Journal Article
Published: 01 November 2009
Environmental & Engineering Geoscience (2009) 15 (4): 217–234.
.... References British Columbia Ministry of Forests , 2004 , Ministry of Forests Report to the 2003 Firestorm Provincial Review , British Columbia Ministry of Forests, Protection Branch Victoria, BC, unpublished report . 29 available at http://www.llbc.leg.bc.ca/public/PubDocs/bcdocs/415577...
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Journal Article
Journal: Geology
Published: 01 February 2001
Geology (2001) 29 (2): 107–110.
... on the continental slope of the Gulf of Mexico : Geology , v. 22 p. 699 – 702 . Max , M.D. , Dillon , W.P. , Nishimura , C. , and Hurdle , W.P. , 1999 , Sea-floor methane blow-out and global firestorm at the K-T boundary : Geo-Marine Letters , v. 18 p. 285 – 291 . Roberts...
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Journal Article
Published: 22 January 2015
Journal of the Geological Society (2015) 172 (2): 175–185.
... the downrange area is strongly unlikely. None the less our experiments imply that ‘global firestorms’ ( Robertson et al . 2013 ) were not an immediate consequence of the K–Pg impact, and we argue that local wildfires and a single phase of thermal stress cannot lead directly to mass extinctions in plants. What...
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Journal Article
Published: 01 April 2008
Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America (2008) 98 (2): 817–822.
... ). The city of San Francisco, a bustling city of 400,000, suffered damage from both the shaking and well as the firestorm that followed. How much of the devastation in San Francisco was caused directly by the earthquake, rather than indirectly by the many fires it triggered, has been a controversial issue...
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Journal Article
Journal: Elements
Published: 01 February 2012
Elements (2012) 8 (1): 55–60.
... Glasstone S Dolan PJ ( 1977 ) The Effects of Nuclear Weapons, 3 rd edition . United States Department of Defense and Department of Energy , Washington, DC , 653 pp Goldin TJ Melosh HJ ( 2009 ) Self-shielding of thermal radiation by Chicxulub impact ejecta: Firestorm or fizzle...
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Journal Article
Journal: Geology
Published: 01 September 2003
Geology (2003) 31 (9): 741–744.
... concentrations between 5% and 15%; as such mixtures form in different locations near the ground and are ignited by lightning, explosions 2 and conflagrations destroy most of the terrestrial life, and also produce great amounts of smoke and of carbon dioxide. Firestorms carry smoke and dust into the upper...
Journal Article
Published: 01 May 2011
Earthquake Spectra (2011) 27 (2): 419–441.
... pattern to develop caused by air drawn inward by uprising air from super conflagrations (an example of stack effect ). A self-sustaining feedback situation can develop (commonly termed a firestorm ), which can be very destructive. While relatively unlikely, this potential should not be ignored. Concern...
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Journal Article
Journal: PALAIOS
Published: 01 January 2009
PALAIOS (2009) 24 (12): 785–798.
... , M.A. , Stankiewicz , B. A. , Crelling , J.C. , Montanari , A. , and Bensley , D. F. , 1994 , Fossil charcoal in Cretaceous–Tertiary boundary strata: Evidence for catastrophic firestorm and megawave : Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta , 58 . 1393 – 1397 . Kuleta , M...
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Journal Article
Published: 01 July 2005
Journal of the Geological Society (2005) 162 (4): 591–602.
... that local oxygen deficiencies occurred under the K–T fires, as in firestorms over burning cities during World War II. In our experiment, with air excluded, most of the plant material survived as charcoal, even at temperatures of 1000 °C ( Fig. 6b ). Therefore an oxygen-deficient K–T fire would increase...
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