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firestorms

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Journal Article
Journal: Elements
Published: 01 December 2012
Elements (2012) 8 (6): 451–457.
...Geoffrey S. Plumlee; Suzette A. Morman; Angus Cook Abstract History abounds with accounts of cities that were destroyed or significantly damaged by natural or anthropogenic disasters, such as volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, wildland–urban wildfires, hurricanes, tsunamis, floods, urban firestorms...
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Journal Article
Journal: Geology
Published: 01 January 1998
Geology (1998) 26 (1): 7–10.
... deposits are interpreted as fall material contemporaneously redeposited by strong (up to 40 m/s) swirling winds, comparable to firestorm whirlwinds, generated by air currents associated with coeval emplacement of pyroclastic flows. Recognition of hybrid fall deposits is important in interpreting...
Journal Article
Journal: Geology
Published: 01 December 2009
Geology (2009) 37 (12): 1147–1148.
...: Firestorm or fizzle? : Geology , v. 37 ; p . 1135 – 1138 ; doi: 10.1130/G30433A.1 Harvey M.C. Brassell S.C. Belcher C.M. Montanari A. 2008 , Combustion of fossil organic matter at the K-P boundary : Geology , v. 36 , p . 355 – 358 , doi: 10.1130/G24646A.1...
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Journal Article
Journal: Geology
Published: 01 December 2009
Geology (2009) 37 (12): 1135–1138.
... biologic effects. However, the models suggest that the ejecta shielded the planet from much of the damaging thermal energy and suppressed direct ignition of a global firestorm. Furthermore, recent modeling work ( Artemieva and Morgan, 2009 ) argues that some portion of the distal ejecta was distributed...
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Image
In this figure, we combined a published USGS shakemap of the greater Los An...
in > Elements
Published: 01 December 2012
or firestorm damage to relatively small numbers of larger facilities (e.g. petroleum facilities, chemical manufacturing plants, and wastewater treatment plants shown here), collectively large numbers of smaller facilities, and residential areas can release large volumes of hazardous materials
Journal Article
Journal: Geology
Published: 01 January 2004
Geology (2004) 32 (1): e50.
... have no first-hand experience with the intensity of continental-scale wildfires. Perhaps the only similar phenomena in recent history are the firestorms that were caused by incendiary bombing in World War II. In July 1943, for example, the firestorm in Hamburg, Germany, burned approximately ten square...
Journal Article
Published: 01 April 2005
The Canadian Mineralogist (2005) 43 (2): 843–844.
..., as insulation in safes; where could the material be more isolated?!) adds fuel to an already senseless firestorm on the asbestos issue. The mixture of units, tubes 10 mm in diameter and 12 to 18 inches in length (p. 155), is an unfortunate oversight. Finally, gamma rays have wavelengths, not cosmic rays (p. 169...
Journal Article
Journal: Geology
Published: 01 January 2004
Geology (2004) 32 (1): e50–e51.
.... Robertson et al. claim high temperatures would destroy charcoal produced in a K-T firestorm. They favor the model of Melosh et al. (1990) , which predicted atmospheric temperatures of ~827 °C following the K-T impact. Such temperatures do not explain the lack of charcoal, as high temperature does...
Series: Geological Society, London, Special Publications, Geological Society, London, Special Publications
Published: 01 January 2010
DOI: 10.1144/SP333.7
EISBN: 9781862395817
... temperature is usually only reached for a short period during these events ( Schwarz 1986 ). The development of such high temperatures also occurs through the stack effect during conflagrations. The firestorm evolves from the rising hot air which results in the down movement of fresh air which arouses...
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Series: Geological Society, London, Special Publications, Geological Society, London, Special Publications
Published: 01 January 2007
DOI: 10.1144/GSL.SP.2007.273.01.16
EISBN: 9781862395213
... similar to the Tunguska event. The remains of fallen trees are aligned radially away from the point of explosion out to a distance of 40–80 km. Local Maori legends in the area tell about the falling of the skies, raging winds, and mysterious and massive firestorms from space. Tapanui, itself, translates...
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Journal Article
Journal: Geology
Published: 01 December 2010
Geology (2010) 38 (12): 1147–1148.
...) for widespread Neoproterozoic (ca. 1000–540 Ma) glacial deposits. The catchy phrase “Snowball Earth” was coined by Kirschvink (1992) , but the Snowball Earth hypothesis received a strong boost following publication of a paper by Hoffman et al. (1998) , and the subsequent firestorm of discussions and counter...
Journal Article
Published: 01 March 2000
Seismological Research Letters (2000) 71 (2): 181–183.
..., a nurse, a police officer, and countless others who survived the quake and the subsequent firestorm. Barker provides an introduction and historical background to the accounts, which are arranged chronologically. 320 pages; $16.95 plus $2.50 shipping (California residents add 8.5% sales tax). Available...
Journal Article
Journal: GSA Bulletin
Published: 01 May 2004
GSA Bulletin (2004) 116 (5-6): 760–768.
... ( Wolbach et al., 1988 , p. 668) and the present atmospheric oxygen mass of 1.1 × 10 21 g). However, there might have been local oxygen deficiencies near or under the fire, as in firestorms over burning cities in war. This possibility would not have affected vertebrates that were able to spend extended...
Journal Article
Journal: Geology
Published: 01 February 2001
Geology (2001) 29 (2): 107–110.
... on the continental slope of the Gulf of Mexico : Geology , v. 22 p. 699 – 702 . Max , M.D. , Dillon , W.P. , Nishimura , C. , and Hurdle , W.P. , 1999 , Sea-floor methane blow-out and global firestorm at the K-T boundary : Geo-Marine Letters , v. 18 p. 285 – 291 . Roberts...
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Journal Article
Published: 22 January 2015
Journal of the Geological Society (2015) 172 (2): 175–185.
.... This highlights that ignition of vegetation outside the downrange area is strongly unlikely. None the less our experiments imply that ‘global firestorms’ ( Robertson et al . 2013 ) were not an immediate consequence of the K–Pg impact, and we argue that local wildfires and a single phase of thermal stress cannot...
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Journal Article
Published: 01 November 2009
Environmental and Engineering Geoscience (2009) 15 (4): 217–234.
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Journal Article
Journal: Elements
Published: 01 February 2012
Elements (2012) 8 (1): 55–60.
... of Defense and Department of Energy , Washington, DC , 653 pp Goldin TJ Melosh HJ ( 2009 ) Self-shielding of thermal radiation by Chicxulub impact ejecta: Firestorm or fizzle? Geology 37 : 1135 - 1138 Harris A ( 2008 ) What spaceguard did . Nature 453 : 1178 - 1179...
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Journal Article
Published: 01 April 2008
Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America (2008) 98 (2): 817–822.
... of San Francisco, a bustling city of 400,000, suffered damage from both the shaking and well as the firestorm that followed. How much of the devastation in San Francisco was caused directly by the earthquake, rather than indirectly by the many fires it triggered, has been a controversial issue. Certain...
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Journal Article
Journal: Geology
Published: 01 September 2003
Geology (2003) 31 (9): 741–744.
... is explosive at methane concentrations between 5% and 15%; as such mixtures form in different locations near the ground and are ignited by lightning, explosions 2 and conflagrations destroy most of the terrestrial life, and also produce great amounts of smoke and of carbon dioxide. Firestorms carry smoke...
Series: Society of Exploration Geophysicists Geophysical References Series, Society of Exploration Geophysicists Geophysical References Series
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.1190/1.9781560801788.ch7
EISBN: 9781560801788
..., and insurance companies would be more aware of the pent-up kinetic energy within the Earth’s crust, which is releasable within a matter of seconds to several days. For example, the media often reminds the public—particularly the youth—that the atomic firestorms at Hiroshima and Nagasaki during August 1945...
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