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fillers

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Journal Article
Journal: Clay Minerals
Published: 01 December 2018
Clay Minerals (2018) 53 (4): 643–656.
... development in high-performance materials. Recently, it has been proposed that the key to obtaining advanced composite materials is the nano-sized filler introduced into the polymer matrix. As for the polymer composites, the dispersion of nanoparticles in the polymer matrix was deemed to be difficult, which...
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Journal Article
Journal: Clay Minerals
Published: 01 June 2004
Clay Minerals (2004) 39 (2): 163–175.
... prior to ball-mill grinding. The particle size of the ground clay samples was studied by X-ray diffraction (XRD) (Siemens D-500 Cu- K α radiation, graphite monochromator, 35 kV and 35 mA) using oriented specimens and by laser diffraction (Malvern© particle size analyser). Each clay-mineral filler grain...
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Journal Article
Published: 01 March 2004
European Journal of Mineralogy (2004) 16 (2): 279–284.
... with sulfate and phosphate groups. The hydrothermally synthesized compounds exhibit physical properties that are required for dental applications where apatite-like phases are used as fillers in composite materials. 03 11 2003 11 07 2003 30 09 2003 E. Schweizerbart'sche...
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Journal Article
Journal: PALAIOS
Published: 01 June 1998
PALAIOS (1998) 13 (3): 301–304.
... fillers as in the plastics industry. Using equations published by 3M, an Excel spreadsheet has been designed that allows the instantaneous calculation of the cost and density of various fillers mixed with plaster of paris in varying ratios. Theoretical evaluations have been made for hollow glass...
Image
XRD patterns of the clay and organo-clay <b>fillers</b> investigated. Only the mos...
Published: 01 August 2009
Figure 1. XRD patterns of the clay and organo-clay fillers investigated. Only the most intense diffraction of the quartz (Q) admixture is identified.
Journal Article
Published: 01 August 2009
Clays and Clay Minerals (2009) 57 (4): 444–451.
...Figure 1. XRD patterns of the clay and organo-clay fillers investigated. Only the most intense diffraction of the quartz (Q) admixture is identified. ...
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Image
(a) Aggregation state of <b>filler</b> materials. The aspect ratio (length over th...
Published: 01 June 2012
Fig. 2. (a) Aggregation state of filler materials. The aspect ratio (length over thickness) is highest for individual elements such as single aluminosilicate layers or carbon nanotubes. High aspect ratio leads to more interfacial area in an organic or biological matrix and increased mechanical
Image
Schematic sketch showing the surface roughness of clay and calcite <b>filler</b>. ...
Published: 01 June 2004
F ig . 9. Schematic sketch showing the surface roughness of clay and calcite filler. (a) In the clay filler the composite grains break up to smaller ones but the total number of diffuse reflection units (clay crystallites) remains essentially unchanged unless delamination occurs. Surface
Journal Article
Journal: Paleobiology
Published: 07 October 2015
Paleobiology (2015) 41 (4): 633–639.
...John Alroy Abstract A new turnover rate metric is introduced that combines simplicity and precision. Like the related three-timer and gap-filler equations, it involves first identifying a cohort of taxa sampled in the time interval preceding the one of interest (call the intervals i 0 and i 1...
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Series: Clay Minerals Society Workshop Lectures
Published: 01 January 2007
DOI: 10.1346/CMS-WLS-15.1
EISBN: 9781881208358
... by courtesy of W. Ijdo, Elementis Specialties, Inc.). Achieving control of the orientation of anisotropic fillers has been a challenge in nanocomposite studies. Conventional techniques, such as fiber weaving, obviously are not feasible for clay mineral nanoparticles. Theoretical modeling studies of CPN...
Series: Clay Minerals Society Workshop Lectures
Published: 01 January 2007
DOI: 10.1346/CMS-WLS-15.2
EISBN: 9781881208358
... Abstract By one definition, a composite is formed when different phases of distinct structure and chemical composition combine to produce structural or functional properties not present in any individual component. As reinforcing elements, one can employ fibrous fillers for either organic...
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Journal Article
Published: 01 April 2003
American Mineralogist (2003) 88 (4): 701–707.
...William Matthews; Robert L. Linnen; Qiang Guo Abstract A new method has been developed to impose different redox conditions in high-temperature-pressure experiments in cold-seal pressure vessels, at 800 °C and 2000 bars. Experiments were conducted by loading a metallic filler rod into the autoclave...
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Journal Article
Journal: Geophysics
Published: 01 July 1956
Geophysics (1956) 21 (3): 691–714.
... that in general two waves of volume expansion are propagated and that these involve coupled displacements of both constituents of the media. The waves are termed frame-waves, air-waves or liquid-waves depending upon the nature of the pore-filler and the relative displacements of the constituents. The frame-wave...
Journal Article
Journal: Paleobiology
Published: 08 August 2018
Paleobiology (2018) 44 (3): 347–367.
... of diversification through this important time period. Here, we apply robust methods (gap-filler and modified gap-filler rates) for the inference of patterns of species richness, origination rates, and extinction rates to a subset of 1321 reliably-identified fossil occurrences resolved to approximately 50 m...
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Series: Geological Society, London, Special Publications
Published: 01 January 2016
DOI: 10.1144/SP416.9
EISBN: 9781862397187
... go beyond these limited uses with incorporation of systematic treatment for the production of secondary raw materials (SRM), for example, filler, or for ‘new products’, for example, artificial loam. Such new products or SRM have to be certified not only on the basis of their technical and physical...
FIGURES
Journal Article
Journal: Paleobiology
Published: 07 May 2014
Paleobiology (2014) 40 (3): 374–397.
... the same counts. However, it also considers taxa sampled in a window's first and fourth intervals but missing from the third (i.e., gap-fillers). Simulations show that the 3T, gap-filler (GF), and BC equations yield identical values when sampling and turnover are uniform through time. When applied...
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Series: Clay Minerals Society Workshop Lectures
Published: 01 January 2007
DOI: 10.1346/CMS-WLS-15.3
EISBN: 9781881208358
... Abstract Clay-based polymer nanocomposites (CPN) have attracted keen interest over the past two decades, but they have failed to have breakthroughs in commercial applications at the same expectation level. One major reason could be poor understanding of the reactive properties of the fillers...
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Series: Clay Minerals Society Workshop Lectures
Published: 01 January 2007
DOI: 10.1346/CMS-WLS-15.9
EISBN: 9781881208358
... energy-intensive formation processes. Loading a thermoplastic matrix with hard filler particles will undoubtedly increase the modulus, but impact resistance often decreases. Increasing impact resistance can be accomplished by dispersing rubbery inclusions in a hard, transparent but brittle matrix...
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Journal Article
Journal: Clay Minerals
Published: 20 June 2019
Clay Minerals (2019) 54 (3): 245–254.
... and spectroscopic characterization of the talc component revealed remarkable chemical purity expressed by very low Fe contents. According to these results, the talc of Minzanzala might be used as a filler in a wide range of industrial applications, such as in cosmetics, paints, polymers or ceramics. * E-mail...
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Journal Article
Journal: Clay Minerals
Published: 24 May 2019
Clay Minerals (2019) 54 (2): 219–225.
...Zhi-Lin Cheng; Xing-Yu Chang; Zan Liu Abstract The modification of halloysite nanotubes (HNTs) as fillers is very effective at improving the performance of polymers. A novel modification of HNTs through grafting dodecylamine onto their surfaces was conducted here. Owing to the improvement...
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