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bone marrow

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Journal Article
Journal: Geology
Published: 01 August 2006
Geology (2006) 34 (8): 641–644.
...Maria E. McNamara; Patrick J. Orr; Stuart L. Kearns; Luis Alcalá; Pere Anadón; Enrique Peñalver-Mollá Abstract Bone marrow in ca. 10 Ma frogs and salamanders from the Miocene of Libros, Spain, represents the first fossilized example of this extremely decay-prone tissue. The bone marrow...
FIGURES
Image
Figure 2. <b>Bone</b> <b>marrow</b> from fossil (A–F, H–I) and extant (G) amphibians. A: ...
in > Geology
Published: 01 August 2006
Figure 2. Bone marrow from fossil (A–F, H–I) and extant (G) amphibians. A: Rana pueyoi (specimen 26217, Museu de Geologia del Seminari, Barcelona) with outline of soft tissues preserved as bacterial biofilm. Insets: secondary electron micrographs of fossilized bacteria (upper) and collagen fibers
Journal Article
Journal: PALAIOS
Published: 01 February 2009
PALAIOS (2009) 24 (2): 104–117.
... are also defined in authigenic minerals: nervous tissue (aragonite), the stomach (calcium phosphate), and collagen fibers of the dermal stratum compactum (calcium sulphate); bone marrow is organically preserved. The disparate modes of soft-tissue preservation within individual specimens reflects...
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Journal Article
Journal: Paleobiology
Published: 01 January 2001
Paleobiology (2001) 27 (1): 39–58.
... ends. The embryonic bones of basal archosaurs and other reptiles have thin-walled cortices and large marrow cavities that are sometimes subdivided by erosion rooms in early stages of growth. The cortices of basal reptiles are poorly vascularized, and osteocyte lacunae are common but randomly organized...
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Series: AAPG Memoir, AAPG Memoir
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.1306/M77973
EISBN: 9781629810041
... is exposed, an additional covering of enamel. Most bones share common features: a dense, smooth, outer or cortical part, and an interior composed of multiple layers of porous or spongy, cancellous material (in life, the porous areas are occupied by marrow). Vertebrate debris can range in size from...
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Journal Article
Journal: Paleobiology
Published: 01 January 2001
Paleobiology (2001) 27 (3): 512–530.
... that the giant, short-faced hyenas ( Pachycrocuta brevirostris ) selectively transported ungulate carcasses and body parts to their maternity dens as a function of the mass of the ungulates scavenged. The fracturing of major limb bones in the dens was also highly selective, correlating with marrow content...
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Series: Geological Society, London, Special Publications, Geological Society, London, Special Publications
Published: 01 January 2010
DOI: 10.1144/SP339.12
EISBN: 9781862395879
... varies from 435 to 720 µm (Table  1 ). The cortex is thick (up to 320 µm thick in the largest individual SMNS 54980, Table  1 ). The marrow cavity remains empty. The periosteal bone is made of a primary bone matrix. It is crossed by a poor vascularization, essentially constituted of large longitudinal...
FIGURES
Journal Article
Published: 01 March 2019
European Journal of Mineralogy (2019) 31 (2): 209–216.
... bone types with very different structure and mineral properties ( Ascenzi et al. , 1963 ; Bonucci & Gherardi, 1975 ; Rodríguez-Navarro et al. , 2018 ). Medullary bone is a special type of bone formed within the marrow cavities of long bones of female bird during reproduction and that is highly...
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Journal Article
Journal: Geophysics
Published: 12 December 2017
Geophysics (2018) 83 (1): H1–H11.
.... However, some thin sections also were collected from flat bone (primarily rib bone or pelvis bone) and some irregular bone (such as vertebrae) ( Frandson et al., 2009 ). All samples were collected from the cortical bone only; no tissue or bone marrow remained on any of the samples. The samples were cored...
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Journal Article
Journal: Paleobiology
Published: 01 November 2011
Paleobiology (2011) 37 (4): 633–654.
... taxa. Bird bones are oftentimes pneumatic, where the bone is filled with air instead of marrow and contains numerous supportive struts (trabeculae) designed to resist torsion ( Swartz et al. 1992 ; Cubo and Casinos 2000 ; de Margerie et al. 2005 ). The degree of pneumaticity in the avian...
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Journal Article
Journal: Paleobiology
Published: 01 January 2004
Paleobiology (2004) 30 (4): 589–613.
... into the marrow, spongy tissues and vascular spaces of compact bone. Using long bone sections, Wall also showed that the increase in compactness among several aquatic mammals results from increased amounts of compact bone. He concluded that similar sections obtained from fossilized mammalian bones could be used...
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Journal Article
Journal: Paleobiology
Published: 01 May 2009
Paleobiology (2009) 35 (2): 289–309.
..., except hammerstone-wielding hominins, are capable of routinely breaking open large bones, such as leg bones from zebra or other large ungulates, to extract marrow ( Hill 1989 ; Marean et al. 1992 ; Capaldo and Blumenschine 1994 ). Thus, captive and wild spotted hyenas play a prominent role...
FIGURES
Journal Article
Journal: PALAIOS
Published: 01 October 2001
PALAIOS (2001) 16 (5): 482–506.
...MICHAEL J. RYAN; ANTHONY P. RUSSELL; DAVID A. EBERTH; PHILIP J. CURRIE Abstract Bone bed 43 is one of at least eight paucispecific Centrosaurus bone beds located in the Dinosaur Park Formation (Upper Campanian) in Dinosaur Provincial Park, Alberta, Canada. It long has been used as a case example...
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Journal Article
Published: 01 January 2014
Journal of Paleontology (2014) 88 (1): 195–203.
...). Spaces between are commonly filled with marrow (soft tissue). In contrast to cortical bone, at a microarchitectural scale, trabecular bone does not have a plain hard surface that allows recording of the pattern of bioglyphs resulting from macrobioerosion. Examples discussed in this paper...
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Journal Article
Journal: Paleobiology
Published: 27 September 2019
Paleobiology (2019) 45 (4): 676–697.
... of the cortical bone is called “osteitis” (although osteitis can be caused by osteomyelitis, infection of the bone marrow) (Pineda et al. 2009 ; Tiemann and Hofmann 2009 ). The pathology could also be a bony cyst, in which the fluid-filled cavity has started to heal by new bone formation (Jacobs 1955...
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Journal Article
Published: 01 November 2017
American Mineralogist (2017) 102 (11): 2170–2179.
... biocompatibility tests with primary rat bone marrow cells showed substantial cell proliferation in the presence of fetal bovine serum ( Heimann 2006a , 2012 ). Knabe et al. (2004) grew human bone-derived cells on sintered calcium (Ti,Zr) hexaorthophosphate samples, and tested for expression of various...
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Image
Spider diagrams of intra-<b>bone</b> NASC-normalized REE distribution patterns for...
in > PALAIOS
Published: 23 June 2021
Fig. 13.— Spider diagrams of intra-bone NASC-normalized REE distribution patterns for each specimen. Patterns recorded from the outermost cortex are indicated by black lines, those from deepest within each bone by dotted light gray lines (usually within more porous trabecular bone of the marrow
Journal Article
Journal: PALAIOS
Published: 01 August 2012
PALAIOS (2012) 27 (8): 541–549.
... as an authigenic mineral. The presence of micritic calcite (carbonate sediment) in marrow cavities of some of the bones analyzed in this study indicates clastic infiltration during burial (see Chinsamy-Turan, 2005 ). All bones from the Cracow Spadzista Street (B) site are cracked. As similar cracks...
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Journal Article
Journal: Paleobiology
Published: 01 January 2005
Paleobiology (2005) 31 (2): 291–314.
... because it lacks canaliculi and is sparsely vascularized. This process left an internal structure of relatively sparsely constructed, branching trabeculae of secondary bone tissue. This tissue frequently contains marrow bays that connect with vascular channels that lead to the surface of the bone...
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Journal Article
Journal: PALAIOS
Published: 26 March 2020
PALAIOS (2020) 35 (3): 135–150.
...RAYMOND R. ROGERS; ANIK K. REGAN; LUCAS N. WEAVER; JEFFREY T. THOLE; HENRY C. FRICKE ABSTRACT Previous studies have yielded mixed results as to whether authigenic mineral infill in fossilized bone tracks specific lithologies or depositional environments, with most suggesting weak to no correlation...
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