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Sterkfontein Caves

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Journal Article
Published: 01 September 2017
South African Journal of Geology (2017) 120 (3): 403–420.
...P. Hobbs; N. de Meillon Abstract A water level rise of almost 3 m in the space of two years in the Sterkfontein Cave system since late-2009 necessitated the re-routing of the tourist path through the cave to successively higher elevations on three occasions. It also raised concern for a possible...
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Bloubank Spruit stream profile bracketing the <b>Sterkfontein</b> <b>Cave</b> system, sho...
Published: 01 September 2017
Figure 3. Bloubank Spruit stream profile bracketing the Sterkfontein Cave system, showing the water table position on two occasions in the recent past, and the zone of gaining stream reach in relation to the cave site and the Zwartkrans Spring (see Figure 2 for geosite localities).
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Boreholes 2 (BH2) and 3 (BH3)from the <b>Sterkfontein</b> <b>Cave</b> showing the depths ...
Published: 01 March 2017
Figure 2. Boreholes 2 (BH2) and 3 (BH3)from the Sterkfontein Cave showing the depths of the three samples used in this study. (A) Photograph of BH3-4 breccia from a depth of 5.41-5.48 m. (B) Photograph of BH2-5 cave earth from a depth of 3-46 to 3-54 m, with inset of ’(C) showing the fabric
Journal Article
Published: 01 March 2017
South African Journal of Geology (2017) 120 (1): 21–44.
...Figure 2. Boreholes 2 (BH2) and 3 (BH3)from the Sterkfontein Cave showing the depths of the three samples used in this study. (A) Photograph of BH3-4 breccia from a depth of 5.41-5.48 m. (B) Photograph of BH2-5 cave earth from a depth of 3-46 to 3-54 m, with inset of ’(C) showing the fabric...
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Journal Article
Published: 01 June 2015
South African Journal of Geology (2015) 118 (2): 109–118.
... conducted in the upper Crocodile River Basin, Johannesburg, which is characterized by fractured crystalline rocks and dolomitic aquifers from which groundwater is extracted for diverse economic activities. The seepage of mine water into a dolomitic aquifer in the vicinity of the Sterkfontein cave has been...
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Journal Article
Journal: PALAIOS
Published: 01 September 2014
PALAIOS (2014) 29 (9): 483–494.
...FRANK L'ENGLE WILLIAMS; ELISE GEISSLER Abstract The Plio-Pleistocene cave site of Sterkfontein has yielded the remains of Cercopithecoides williamsi , a colobine monkey reconstructed as a terrestrial folivore given its dental morphology, heavily worn teeth and robustly built postcranial skeleton...
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Journal Article
Journal: PALAIOS
Published: 01 July 2010
PALAIOS (2010) 25 (7): 439–448.
... and Sterkfontein Member 4 compared to the habitat of present-day central South Africa. 02 04 2010 SEPM Society for Sedimentary Geology 2010 The limestone cave deposits of the Transvaal and adjoining regions of South Africa preserve a wide variety of fauna dating to the Plio–Pleistocene...
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Journal Article
Journal: GSA Bulletin
Published: 01 March 2012
GSA Bulletin (2012) 124 (3-4): 611–625.
...A. Matmon; H. Ron; M. Chazan; N. Porat; L.K. Horwitz Abstract We applied cosmogenic isotope burial dating, magnetostratigraphy, and grain-size distribution analysis to elucidate the history of the sedimentary sequence, composed of fine quartz sands and silts, of Wonderwerk Cave, located...
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Journal Article
Published: 01 March 2010
Journal of Paleontology (2010) 84 (2): 299–308.
...-generation fossil excavator who found and recovered the holotype specimens. Genus L ycaon Brookes, 1827 ( in Griffith, et al., 1827 ) L ycaon sekowei new species 10 11 2009 Late Pliocene (ca. 1.9 ma) from Coopers Cave, Sterkfontein Valley, Gauteng, South Africa. We consider...
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Journal Article
Published: 01 September 2018
South African Journal of Geology (2018) 121 (3): 261–270.
...B. Cairncross; J.D. Kramers; I.M. Villa Abstract An unusual cave is located in the hills southeast of the town of Thabazimbi in the Limpopo Province. This cave, a V-shaped shallow chamber measuring 110 × 40 m, was discovered serendipitously when an adit was driven into the hill in connection...
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Semi-continuous hydrograph of the Lake water level captured over a period o...
Published: 01 September 2017
Figure 5. Semi-continuous hydrograph of the Lake water level captured over a period of 29 months by a data logger installed in Sterkfontein Cave in May 2005 (use of image courtesy of DWS).
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Semi-continuous electrical conductivity pattern in Lake water captured over...
Published: 01 September 2017
Figure 9. Semi-continuous electrical conductivity pattern in Lake water captured over a period of 22 months by a data logger installed in Sterkfontein Cave in May 2005 (use of image courtesy of DWS).
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Map of geosites and other features referenced in this paper, of particular ...
Published: 01 September 2017
that intersect the Sterkfontein cave fossil site.
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40 Ar/ 39 Ar step-heating spectra (left), corresponding apparent Ca/K (righ...
Published: 01 March 2017
Figure 10. 40 Ar/ 39 Ar step-heating spectra (left), corresponding apparent Ca/K (right, top) and Cl/K (right, bottom) ratios for Mn ooids separated from samples from Sterkfontein cave. All errors are 2σ.
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40 Ar/ 39 Ar step-heating spectra (left), corresponding apparent Ca/K (righ...
Published: 01 March 2017
Figure 11. 40 Ar/ 39 Ar step-heating spectra (left), corresponding apparent Ca/K (right, top) and Cl/K (right, bottom) ratios for orange mudstone fragments separatedfrom samplesfrom Sterkfontein cave. All errors are 2σ.
Series: GSA Special Papers
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.1130/2006.2415(01)
..., in cases where sediment has experienced a simple history of exposure followed by rapid burial. Examples include cave sediments, alluvial deposits, and sediment buried beneath glacial till. Finally, the half-lives of 26 Al and 10 Be are discussed, with special attention given to discrepant estimates...
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Schematic hydrophysical and hydrochemical profiles (see  Figure 2  for posi...
Published: 01 September 2017
Figure 15. Schematic hydrophysical and hydrochemical profiles (see Figure 2 for positions) through the Bloubank Spruit valley and Sterkfontein Cave illustrating the relationship between the groundwater and Lake water elevations, and the stream channel and subsurface thalweg; the lateral
Journal Article
Published: 01 June 2014
South African Journal of Geology (2014) 117 (1): 87–96.
... SO 4 is derived primarily from the mine water ( Table 1 ). When the stream approaches the Sterkfontein Cave, the water type changes into Ca-Mg-HCO 3 due to the influence of dolomitic groundwater. Ratio-distribution has also been used to track the extent of mine water impact in the crystalline...
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Journal Article
Journal: Paleobiology
Published: 01 February 2010
Paleobiology (2010) 36 (1): 32–50.
... into the cave. All the carnivore specimens that have been analyzed for stable isotope analysis are listed as Member 5 ( Luyt 2001 ; Lee-Thorp et al. 2007 ), without subdivision into Unit B or Unit C. Therefore of the four faunal assemblages investigated in our study, only Sterkfontein Member 5 can be assumed...
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Journal Article
Published: 01 December 2015
South African Journal of Geology (2015) 118 (4): 514–516.
.... From station P5 to P6, the discharge increases by 0.4 m 3 /s in August 2011, and decreases by 0.77 m 3 /s in February 2012. In the former instance, the difference is attributed to “….. the contribution of a group of springs downstream of the Sterkfontein cave.” The unspecified and unquantified nature...