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Sogne Fjord

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Series: Geological Society, London, Special Publications
Published: 01 January 2010
DOI: 10.1144/SP344.19
EISBN: 9781862395923
... to the wider NAO (North Atlantic Oscillation) winter index, northern hemisphere temperature and solar activity (cosmic rays and open solar flux) based on 60 years of continuous observation. There is a strong indication that the fjord sediment record contains a climate archive spanning the last 20–100...
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Journal Article
Journal: Geology
Published: 01 February 2015
Geology (2015) 43 (2): 111-114.
..., and fjords, were prime areas for Stone Age humans, and numerous excavations show that settlements were situated on or near the former shores (e.g., Bjerck, 2008 ). Rock carvings depicting hunting and fishing from boats, and settlements on distant islands, suggest advanced maritime skills ( Bjerck, 2013...
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Series: Geological Society, London, Special Publications
Published: 01 January 2011
DOI: 10.1144/SP351.5
EISBN: 9781862395992
.... This unstable rock slope area is located in the central coastal area of Sogn and Fjordane (Fig.  2 ). It is situated on top of a 100 m-high cliff 620 m above the fjord on a WNW–ESE trending-slope that has an average gradient of 35° (Fig.  7 a). The bedrock consists of mica schist and phyllite, and the foliation...
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Series: GSA Field Guide
Published: 01 January 2011
DOI: 10.1130/2011.FLD019.03
EISBN: 9780813756196
..., Figure 4 (center line of the transect strip). BASZ—Bergen Arc Shear Zone; BSB—Baltic Shield Basement; HFSZ— Hardangerfjord Shear Zone; LGF—Lærdal-Gjende Fault; NSD—Nordfjord-Sogn Detachment; WGC—Western Gneiss Complex. Adapted from Milnes et al. (1997) . The overall structure displayed...
Journal Article
Journal: GSA Bulletin
Published: 01 September 2007
GSA Bulletin (2007) 119 (9-10): 1232-1248.
... suggested that the detachment surfaces represent listric normal faults responsible for opening the Devonian-Carboniferous basins. This model was developed further by subsequent authors who defined the Nord-fjord-Sogn Detachment Zone and recognized that significant extensional displacement also occurred...
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Journal Article
Journal: Lithosphere
Published: 05 February 2019
Lithosphere (2019) 11 (2): 273-293.
... identified three basement units that can be correlated with the Caledonian thrust belt, and the major Devonian Nordfjord-Sogn detachment zone, located only 60 km to the east, onshore mainland Norway. Similar to that observed onshore, offshore crystalline basement of the Proterozoic basement (Western Gneiss...
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Journal Article
Published: 01 July 2011
Journal of the Geological Society (2011) 168 (4): 887-898.
... crystalline basement; it may have originated during early thrusting, but was overprinted by top-to-the-west extensional fabrics at lower crustal depths; (2) structurally above this, the Nordfjord–Sogn Detachment Zone is a top-to-the-west, amphibolite- to greenschist-facies detachment shear zone within...
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Journal Article
Published: 01 January 1980
Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France (1980) S7-XXII (3): 284-286.
...Helge Askvik GeoRef, Copyright 2004, American Geological Institute. 1980 areal geology Bergen Norway Bergsdalen Nappes Caledonides Europe Jotun Nappe lithostratigraphy Norway Paleozoic Precambrian Scandinavia Sogne Fjord Valdres Sparagmite Western Europe ...
Journal Article
Published: 01 June 2015
Journal of Sedimentary Research (2015) 85 (6): 562-581.
... western Norway, such as Sogne Fjord. Chlorite is present mostly in the northern part of the Viking Graben, occasionally with values > 30%, but mostly between 10 and 20%. The onshore Eocene deposits in Denmark comprise the upper part of the Ølst- and Fur Fms, the Røsnæs Clay Fm., the Lillebælt Clay...
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Series: Geological Society, London, Memoirs
Published: 01 January 2011
DOI: 10.1144/M34.17
EISBN: 9781862394094
... Abstract There was a shift away from, but not an abandonment of, mining and Dalradian topics after Gregory's January 1910 presidential address, towards geomorphological topics such as the origin of fjords, sea lochs, lakes and glacial deposits. In the summers of 1910 and 1912 he went to Spain...
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Series: Geological Society, London, Special Publications
Published: 01 January 2010
DOI: 10.1144/SP335.31
EISBN: 9781862395831
... of the Caledonides, with maximum extension occurring in the area between the Western Gneiss Region of SW Norway and the Fjord Region of East Greenland. Kinematic data indicate that the main tectonic transport direction was toward the hinterland, and this pattern suggests that the main Devonian extension/transtension...
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Journal Article
Published: 01 January 1980
Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France (1980) S7-XXII (3): 281.
...Nicole Santarelli areal geology basement Caledonides Europe gneisses Lom Lustra Fjord metamorphic rocks Norway road log Scandinavia Sogne Pass Western Europe GeoRef, Copyright 2004, American Geological Institute. 1980 ...
Image
Tectonic map of the Caledonides from  c . 435 to 425 Ma showing the princip...
Published: 01 March 2003
Fig. 3.  Tectonic map of the Caledonides from c . 435 to 425 Ma showing the principal Scandian structures referred to in the text. Abbreviations for Figures 3–5 : BFZ, Billefjorden Fault Zone; DO, Donegal; D, Dingle; FRDZ, Fjord Region Detachment Zone; GGF, Great Glen Fault; GH, Grampian
Image
Figure 10. Tectonic model of UHP metamorphism and exhumation of the Western...
Published: 01 March 2007
, these (U)HP rocks underwent a regional supra-Barrovian metamorphism ( Walsh and Hacker, 2004 ). (C) Underplating of the (U)HP rocks may have caused overthickening of the crust, driving extension. (D) Continued extension along top-west low-angle detachments like the Nord-fjord-Sogn Detachment raised
Series: GSA Field Guide
Published: 01 January 2011
DOI: 10.1130/2011.FLD019.09
EISBN: 9780813756196
... is an example of kinematic modeling : it uses the data and methods of modern structural geology to reconstruct crustal evolution, but it does not rely on knowledge of forces, stresses, or material properties (dynamic modeling , as discussed later). For the Sogne-fjord transect, retro-deformation can...
Journal Article
Published: 01 July 2000
Journal of the Geological Society (2000) 157 (4): 769-781.
... clusters of source position solutions on the flanks of anomalies ( Smethurst 1998). Clusters of reliable depth estimates were widely separated in the horizontal plane, resulting in a smooth basement surface model ( Fig. 5). The position of the Jurassic rift axis (the Viking and Sogn Grabens), the Tampen...
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Series: Geological Society, London, Special Publications
Published: 01 January 2011
DOI: 10.1144/SP351.3
EISBN: 9781862395992
... in Sogn og Fjordane County with the distribution of historical slope failures reported on a geological map (Geological Survey of Norway database: http://www.ngu.no/kart/skrednett/ and http://www.ngu.no/kart/bg250/ ; legend of the lithologies as in Fig.  1 ; UTM co-ordinates, zone 32N...
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Series: GSA Field Guide
Published: 01 January 2011
DOI: 10.1130/2011.FLD019.21
EISBN: 9780813756196
... examine the Vardalsnes eclogite at the site shown in Figure 37C and enjoy the splendid view across the fjord. The Vårdalsnes eclogite is in the upper part of the Western Gneiss Complex, structurally ~3 km below the Dalsfjord Fault at the top of the Nordfjord-Sogn Detachment. The body was mapped...
Journal Article
Journal: Lithosphere
Published: 01 June 2013
Lithosphere (2013) 5 (3): 277-289.
... the exhumed HP/UHP rocks of the Western Gneiss Complex in a major tectonic window. The Main Caledonian thrust zone separates it from the structurally overlying nappe complexes in the east and southeast, and the Nordfjord-Sogn detachment zone (the Nordfjord-Sogn detachment of Norton, 1986 ) separates it from...
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Series: Geological Society, London, Special Publications
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.1144/SP439.6
EISBN: 9781862399716
... zone must turn northwards more or less parallel to the trend of the Viking Graben–Sogn Graben. However, a mantle feature similar to that interpreted as the suture across the British Isles has not been found on deep seismic lines crossing the northern North Sea, except perhaps for east-dipping...
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