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Niagaran coral reefs

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Journal Article
Journal: GSA Bulletin
Published: 30 June 1928
GSA Bulletin (1928) 39 (2): 579–620.
... described the Silurian reefs of Gotland, and did not hesitate to call them reefs . Since then the literature of ancient coral reefs has grown enormously in Europe, but in America the ground which Chamberlin so carefully prepared in his beautiful description of the Niagaran reefs of Wisconsin (1877) has lain...
Journal Article
Journal: GSA Bulletin
Published: 30 September 1931
GSA Bulletin (1931) 42 (3): 707–718.
... group of Indiana comprises the lower Mississippian rocks between the Rockford (Kinderhook) limestone beneath and the Harrodsburg (Warsaw) limestone above. Prior . . . 2 E. R, Cumings and R. R. Shrock: Niagaran coral reefs of Indiana and adjacent states and their stratigraphic relations. Bull...
Journal Article
Journal: GSA Bulletin
Published: 31 December 1933
GSA Bulletin (1933) 44 (6): 1135–1142.
.... 420–429. 5 C. D. Walcott: Pre-Cambrian Algonkian algal flora. Smithsonian Misc. Coll., vol. 64, 1914, pl. 10, flg. 3 6 E. R. Cumings: Reefs or bioherms ? Bull. Geol. Soc. Am., vol. 43, 1932, pp. 345–347. 7 E. R. Cumings and R. R. Shrock: Niagaran coral reefs of Indiana...
Journal Article
Journal: AAPG Bulletin
Published: 01 October 1972
AAPG Bulletin (1972) 56 (10): 2109.
... thicken and lose their hematitic character. A belt of pinnacle reefs marks the approach to the basin margin. The Niagaran pinnacle reefs have a lower crinoidal zone and an upper coral-algal zone. At the basin margin the Niagaran thickens abruptly into a dolomitized barrier reef complex. The barrier reefs...
Journal Article
Journal: AAPG Bulletin
Published: 01 April 1964
AAPG Bulletin (1964) 48 (4): 397–426.
... reworked coral debris. 1 Manuscript received, October 4, 1963. Lowenstam (1950) favored the wave-resistant reef character of the Niagaran structures. He emphasized (p. 434) the need to determine whether a lenticular body is a non-reef, soft-bank accumulation or a composite structure which...
FIGURES | View All (26)
Journal Article
Journal: AAPG Bulletin
Published: 01 March 1963
AAPG Bulletin (1963) 47 (3): 405–440.
.... 361 – 371 . Cumings , E. R. , and Shrock , R. R. , 1928 , The geology of Silurian rocks, Niagaran coral reefs of Indiana and adjacent states and their stratigraphic relations : Geol. Soc. America Bull. , v. 39 , no. 2 , p. 579 – 620 . Emery , K. L. , Tracey , J. I. , Jr...
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Journal Article
Journal: AAPG Bulletin
Published: 01 September 1963
AAPG Bulletin (1963) 47 (9): 1682–1708.
.... , 1928 , Niagaran coral reefs of Indiana and adjacent states and their stratigraphic relations : Geol. Soc. America Bull. , v. 39 , p. 579 – 620 . Eardley , A. J. , 1938 , Sediments of the Great Salt Lake, Utah : Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geologists Bull. , v. 22 , p. 1305 – 1411...
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Series: SEPM Core Workshop Notes
Published: 01 January 1983
DOI: 10.2110/cor.83.01.0002
EISBN: 9781565762596
... supplanted by a community of stick corals. The substrate coarsened with the admixture of coral skeletons, and the reef was eventually capped by a frame-building stromatoporoid community. In contrast to other Niagaran reefs, the vertical succession of biofacies was not due to upward reef growth above wave...
Journal Article
Journal: AAPG Bulletin
Published: 01 January 1974
AAPG Bulletin (1974) 58 (1): 34–62.
... observed in the reefs (crinoidal to coral to algal) reflects increasing salinites in the Niagaran sea which culminated with deposition of the A-1 evaporite and termination of pinnacle-reef development. The presence of Pentamerus sp. (Wenlock or older) as well as Ludlow age fossils within the pinnacle...
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Journal Article
Journal: AAPG Bulletin
Published: 01 May 1982
AAPG Bulletin (1982) 66 (5): 604.
...J. E. McGovney; P. J. Lehmann; J. F. Sarg Eustatic sea-level changes controlled Niagaran reef and off-reef facies and eogenesis both in the Michigan basin and on the adjacent platform, as shown by surface (Thornton, northeast Illinois; Pipe Creek Jr., central Indiana) and subsurface reef studies...
Journal Article
Journal: AAPG Bulletin
Published: 01 May 1982
AAPG Bulletin (1982) 66 (5): 573–574.
...-coral facies, and brachiopod facies. Additionally, empirical data were used to define an algal facies. Pinnacle reefs initially formed as carbonate mud mounds when bryozoan and crinozoan “mud dwellers” baffled and trapped sediment. This mechanism allowed the mounds to grow upward into a zone near wave...
Series: SEPM Core Workshop Notes
Published: 01 January 1980
DOI: 10.2110/cor.80.01.0032
EISBN: 9781565762565
...Abstract Abstract Most of a 450 foot (150 m), gas-bearing Niagaran reef was cored by the Shell, St. Union 1-8. The well is located approximately in the center of the pinnacle reef belt (Fig 1). Three distinct facies described by Sears and Lucia (1979) are present in the core. The facies...
Journal Article
Journal: AAPG Bulletin
Published: 01 June 1929
AAPG Bulletin (1929) 13 (6): 645–658.
... of barrier between the two areas. The reef (as the writer interprets it) of gray limestone north of Bone Springs Canyon probably formed this barrier. Cumings and Schrock have described the Niagaran coral reefs of Indiana and adjacent states 2 as “the grandest system of fossil reefs on the American...
FIGURES
Series: Special Publications
Publisher: SEPM (Society for Sedimentary Geology)
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.2110/sepmsp.109.02
EISBN: 9781565763531
... fragments of brachiopods, bryozoan, and tabulate corals ( Fig. 5L ). FIG. 6. — A ) A true to scale stratigraphic cross-section of the Columbus III reef complex. The cross-section is hung on the Gray Niagaran. Facies thicknesses were used from six wells of near equal spacing (~305 m); facies...
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Journal Article
Journal: AAPG Bulletin
Published: 01 June 1974
AAPG Bulletin (1974) 58 (6): 934–956.
... increase in total Niagaran species extant during one formation-scale segment of time, but, more than that, the so-called reef dwellers in contrast to the reef builders ( Figs. 5 – 7 ) were primarily responsible. Although the reef builders, particularly the stromatoporoids, corals, and bryozoans, 4...
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Journal Article
Journal: AAPG Bulletin
Published: 01 February 1966
AAPG Bulletin (1966) 50 (2): 327–350.
..., Cons. Comm. , Pub. 75 . Cumings , E. R. , and Shrock , R. R. , 1928 b, Niagaran coral reefs of Indiana and adjacent states and their stratigraphic relations : Geol. Soc. America Bull. , v. 39 , p. 579 - 620 . Ehlers , G. H. , 1921 , Niagaran rocks of the Northern...
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Journal Article
Published: 01 October 1977
Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences (1977) 14 (10): 2226–2231.
...David R. Kobluk; David J. Bottjer; Michael J. Risk Abstract The size distribution and orientation of massive hemispherical tabulate corals and hemispherical stromatoporoids from the Fossil Hill and Manitoulin Formations on Manitoulin Island (Niagaran and Alexandrian, Ontario), and of hemispherical...
Journal Article
Published: 01 December 1985
Bulletin of Canadian Petroleum Geology (1985) 33 (4): 421–426.
... AND GUELPH REEFS Rocks of the Amabel Formation were deposited iscon- formably on the Fossil Hill Formation throughout the study area. The Amabel rocks represent the initial sedi- mentation of a Middle Niagaran transgression a d can be interpreted as having accumulated in a shallow open plat- form marine...
Journal Article
Journal: AAPG Bulletin
Published: 01 January 1963
AAPG Bulletin (1963) 47 (1): 129–149.
... Niagaran sequence of the northern rim of the Michigan basin belongs to one large transgressing littoral-lagoon-barrier reef association. Evidence for this hypothesis is seen in the results of insoluble residue analyses made from samples collected at typical Manitoulin Island sections. An unconformity...
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Journal Article
Journal: AAPG Bulletin
Published: 01 March 1975
AAPG Bulletin (1975) 59 (3): 535–538.
...) reveals that this idea is not even substantiated by his own data. Both his Figures 5 and 6 clearly show that the A-1 anhydrite wedges out against the reef’s flanks. Furthermore, all the detailed studies of Niagaran reefs in both southeastern and northern Michigan failed to confirm Felber who...