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Lord Kelvin

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Series: Geological Society, London, Special Publications
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.1144/GSL.SP.2001.190.01.08
EISBN: 9781862394384
... Abstract The Marquis of Salisbury’s 1894 address to the British Association for the Advancement of Science sparked an important development in the debate on the age of the Earth. It led John Perry, a physicist, to produce the first mathematical rebuttal of Lord Kelvin’s calculations, which had...
FIGURES
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.1190/1.9781560802693.ch2
EISBN: 9781560802693
... Abstract In April 1856 Lord Kelvin (then still William Thomson) read a paper before the Royal Society, in which he outlined a description of the elastic tensor entirely based on the inherent symmetry of the material itself, i.e., without reference to any external coordinate system. The key...
Journal Article
Published: 01 April 2015
Scottish Journal of Geology (2015) 51 (1): 100-104.
...Dave Banks Abstract Horatio Scott Carslaw was a key figure in the development of the mathematical tools that are now used by thermogeologists and hydrogeologists. Carslaw was a student of Lord Kelvin at the University of Glasgow, and can be regarded as a link between Kelvin’s application...
FIGURES
Series: Society of Exploration Geophysicists Geophysics Reprint Series
Published: 01 January 2007
DOI: 10.1190/1.9781560801931.ch3k
EISBN: 9781560801931
... of 1888 with a few verbal corrections. Footnotes added now are enclosed in square brackets. For convenience I have divided the present communication into three parts. At Lord Kelvin’s suggestion I reproduce, with additions and extensions, a paper I published eleven years ago in the ‘Transactions...
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Series: Geological Society, London, Special Publications
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.1144/GSL.SP.2001.190.01.09
EISBN: 9781862394384
... accepted the large age estimates that radioactivity yielded. Nevertheless, Joly’s work in geochronology was innovative and important, for it challenged earlier methods of arriving at the Earth’s age, particularly those of Lord Kelvin. Although his findings and conclusions were later discredited, he should...
FIGURES
Journal Article
Published: 01 December 1973
Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences (1973) 10 (12): 1751-1759.
...Irving Michelson Abstract Corrections to the classical tidal free-surface configuration are obtained for two cases of combined rotation and orbital translation. Lord Kelvin's calculation for rotation parallel to and commensurable with orbital revolution is presented in terms of an appropriate...
Published: 01 January 1952
DOI: 10.1130/PenroseLetters.717
EISBN: 9780813759395
... distinguished foreign members, such as Lord Kelvin or Sir Archibald Geikie, were present. ...
Series: Society of Exploration Geophysicists Geophysics Reprint Series
Published: 01 January 2007
DOI: 10.1190/1.9781560801931.ch3f
EISBN: 9781560801931
Series: Society of Exploration Geophysicists Geophysics Reprint Series
Published: 01 January 2007
DOI: 10.1190/1.9781560801931.ch4f
EISBN: 9781560801931
... in falling through one degree varied at different points of the scale, as Clapeyron had shown. An absolute scale would be one in which the “value of a degree” would be independent of temperature. Thomson constructed this measure using the results of Regnault, Steele, and others. 7 (The modern Kelvin scale...
FIGURES
Journal Article
Journal: GSA Bulletin
Published: 01 January 1937
GSA Bulletin (1937) 48 (1): 75-92.
... throughout; (b) that, initially, it . . . U. S. Geological Survey, Washington, D. C. Published by permission of the Director, U. S. Geological Survey. Accepted by the Committee on Publications, 1936. 1 Lord Kelvin: On the secular cooling of the earth, Royal Soc. Edinburgh, Tr. vol...
Journal Article
Journal: Geophysics
Published: 28 September 2009
Geophysics (2009) 74 (5): WB97-WB105.
.../ees11/geophysics/nonlinear/pubs.shtml , accessed 16 June 2009. Kelder O. Smeulders D. M. J. , 1997 , Observation of the Biot slow wave in water-saturated Nivelsteiner sandstone : Geophysics 0016-8033 , 62 , 1794 – 1796 . Kelvin Lord Thomsen W. K. ), 1856 , Elements...
FIGURES
Series: Society of Exploration Geophysicists Geophysics Reprint Series
Published: 01 January 2007
DOI: 10.1190/1.9781560801931.ch4i
EISBN: 9781560801931
... that he would spend the rest of his career there without serious interruption. The fates decreed otherwise, however, for in 1879 James Clerk Maxwell, the first Cavendish professor of experimental physics at Cambridge, died. Sir William Thomson (later Lord Kelvin), at that time professor of natural...
Journal Article
Journal: Geophysics
Published: 24 October 2005
Geophysics (2005) 70 (6): 9ND-23ND.
... exploration geophysicist's toolkit. 25 07 2005 09 08 2005 © 2005 Society of Exploration Geophysicists. All rights reserved. 2005 In 1856, Lord Kelvin published “Elements of a mathematical theory of elasticity,” which exclusively discussed solids. This is not to be taken as an indication...
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Journal Article
Published: 01 May 2018
American Mineralogist (2018) 103 (5): 792-802.
... synchrotron X-ray diffraction in a laser-heated diamond-anvil cell. The phase boundary between stishovite and CaCl 2 -type SiO 2 can be approximately described as T = 64.6(49)· P – 2830(350), with temperature T in Kelvin and pressure P in GPa. The stishovite data imply K 0 ′ = 5.24(9) and a quasi-anharmonic T...
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Journal Article
Published: 01 December 1919
Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America (1919) 9 (4): 95-127.
... travels faster in deeper water, it will not follow the most direct route from the origin to a given harbor, but will follow the route which takes the shortest time. Therefore, whatever route is calculated, it will never give too short a time for the transmission of the wave. 7 Lord Kelvin has...
Journal Article
Published: 01 April 2015
Scottish Journal of Geology (2015) 51 (1): 95-99.
... into the same trap, so let me shockingly reveal to you that our greatest thermogeological hero, William Thomson, Lord Kelvin, was an Irishman, Belfast-born, albeit with good claim to Scottish ancestry (Thomson’s paternal ancestors emigrated to Ireland from Scotland during the Ulster Plantation and Claverhouse...
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Series: Geological Society, London, Special Publications
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.1144/GSL.SP.2001.190.01.14
EISBN: 9781862394384
... of the Earth was to refine Lord Kelvin’s calculations using improved data on the thermodynamic properties of diabase, which was then considered a reasonable analogue for rocks of the upper mantle, to estimate the present-day temperature distribution within the Earth, and to evaluate the assumed initial...
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Series: Geological Society, London, Special Publications
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.1144/GSL.SP.2001.190.01.01
EISBN: 9781862394384
... for the record of natural selection, time the geologists were willing to give. As Huxley remarked in defence of geology, ‘Biology takes her time from geology’ (Huxley quoted by Desmond 1994 , p. 370). The physicists, led by William Thomson – later Lord Kelvin – and his collaborator Peter Guthrie Tait, were...
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Series: Society of Exploration Geophysicists Geophysics Reprint Series
Published: 01 January 2007
DOI: 10.1190/1.9781560801931.ch4l
EISBN: 9781560801931
... of the variation is reduced by an increase in electrical conductivity below the earth’s surface. Lamb’s contributions to geophysics were by no means confined to seismology but extended to the theory of tides and terrestrial magnetism. In 1863 Lord Kelvin, using theory on fortnightly tides, came to the historic...
Journal Article
Journal: The Leading Edge
Published: 01 July 2006
The Leading Edge (2006) 25 (7): 810-811.
... are face to face with a difficulty, you are up against a discovery. Lord Kelvin (1824–1907) The modern theory of Earth's magnetic field begins in 1919 when Joseph Larmour suggested that some kind of dynamo action might be at work. Mechanical dynamos were well-known by that time, the first being...