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Geikie, Archibald

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Journal Article
Published: 01 October 2009
Earth Sciences History (2009) 28 (1): 32–56.
...Leonard G. Wilson ABSTRACT Archibald Geikie announced in 1861 that Scotland had been elevated twenty-five feet since Roman times. In stratified sediments at Leith, he identified pottery fragments as Roman. Other observers promptly noted that the beds had not been deposited under water but were made...
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Series: Geological Society, London, Special Publications
Published: 01 January 2019
DOI: 10.1144/SP480-2018-167
EISBN: 9781786204240
... Extract Sir Archibald Geikie KCB, OM, FRS (1835–1924) was one of the most eminent geologists of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Geikie was instrumental in the development of the science of geology during this period and the eminence he attained was acknowledged...
Series: Geological Society, London, Special Publications
Published: 01 January 2019
DOI: 10.1144/SP480.11
EISBN: 9781786204240
... Abstract In his autobiography of 1924, Archibald Geikie (1835–1924) suppressed basic information about his family and religious beliefs. Investigation reveals a more complete picture of those aspects of Geikie’s life. He was brought up in a strongly religious family, of Congregational...
Series: Geological Society, London, Special Publications
Published: 01 January 2019
DOI: 10.1144/SP480.14
EISBN: 9781786204240
... Abstract Hugh Miller, stonemason turned writer, newspaper editor and geologist, became the young Archibald Geikie’s friend and geological mentor, encouraged his first research and presentation to a learned society, and recommended him to the Geological Survey, thus laying the foundations...
FIGURES
Series: Geological Society, London, Special Publications
Published: 01 January 2019
DOI: 10.1144/SP480.6
EISBN: 9781786204240
... Abstract This chapter explores the interaction between Archibald Geikie and female geologists in their many different roles and within the social context of his life and time (1835–1924). The roles adopted by female geologists altered around 1875 when there was a change in the educational...
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Series: Geological Society, London, Special Publications
Published: 01 January 2019
DOI: 10.1144/SP480.12
EISBN: 9781786204240
... Abstract Sir Archibald Geikie (1835–1924), one of the towering figures in the history of British geology, maintained a long professional relationship and correspondence with pioneering American geologists of the nineteenth century, including James Dwight Dana, Clarence Dutton, Ferdinand...
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Series: Geological Society, London, Special Publications
Published: 01 January 2019
DOI: 10.1144/SP480.2
EISBN: 9781786204240
... Abstract The relationship between Sir Archibald Geikie, his publisher Alexander Macmillan and Macmillan & Co began when Archibald was a young man of 23 and continued until his death in 1924. Correspondence and other sources reveal the development of an intimate relationship with Alexander...
FIGURES
Series: Geological Society, London, Special Publications
Published: 01 January 2019
DOI: 10.1144/SP480.1
EISBN: 9781786204240
... disagreed, considering in 1837 that these were the products of deposition by a great ice sheet. Archibald Geikie realized by 1863 that Lyell was wrong. Mountain glaciers had carved the topography of Scotland and other parts of the UK, feeding an ice sheet that left glacial erratics behind when it melted...
FIGURES
Series: Geological Society, London, Special Publications
Published: 01 January 2019
DOI: 10.1144/SP480.7
EISBN: 9781786204240
... junior Geological Survey of Great Britain geologist, Archibald Geikie was in the vanguard of this crusade. His field mapping of the drift-covered central valley area of Scotland identified sediments and bedrock surfaces which he could not adequately explain by a submergence mechanism. His Survey line...
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Series: Geological Society, London, Special Publications
Published: 01 January 2019
DOI: 10.1144/SP480.17
EISBN: 9781786204240
... Abstract Fourteen previously unpublished manuscripts by Archibald Geikie are reproduced here for the first time in approximate date order. The earliest identified manuscripts date from 1847: ‘Fable One’ and ‘Frogs Desiring a King’. Geikie was only 12 years old when he wrote these compositions...
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Series: Geological Society, London, Special Publications
Published: 01 January 2019
DOI: 10.1144/SP480.18
EISBN: 9781786204240
... Abstract Archibald Geikie was interested in art and produced c. 700 images in various media. Geikie’s drawings and watercolours evolved in relation to the tradition of links between geology and fine art. This tradition is important in considering Geikie’s visual output. His work...
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Series: Geological Society, London, Special Publications
Published: 01 January 2019
DOI: 10.1144/SP480.4
EISBN: 9781786204240
... Abstract Archibald Geikie had some involvement in Victorian controversies over the age and interpretation of the Permian–Triassic Elgin reptiles. His early patronage by Roderick Murchison, and his biography of Murchison, gave him an unusual position, both in praising his older mentor and also...
FIGURES
Series: Geological Society, London, Special Publications
Published: 01 January 2019
DOI: 10.1144/SP480
EISBN: 9781786204240
Journal Article
Published: 01 October 1996
Earth Sciences History (1996) 15 (2): 141–150.
...OLDROYD DAVID ABSTRACT With the help of new archival material relating to Archibald Geikie, discovered fairly recently at the Haslemere Educational Museum, some revisions are offered to my account of the “Highlands Controversy” (relating to the structure of the Northwest Highlands of Scotland...
FIGURES
Series: Geological Society, London, Special Publications
Published: 01 January 2019
DOI: 10.1144/SP480-2018-55
EISBN: 9781786204240
... Abstract Archibald Geikie played a fundamental, but largely unrecognized, role in the establishment of the Scottish oil shale industry by providing James ‘Paraffin’ Young with the critical information about the location, thickness and probable geographical extent of organic-rich shales during...
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Series: Geological Society, London, Special Publications
Published: 01 January 2019
DOI: 10.1144/SP480.16
EISBN: 9781786204240
... Abstract The family history of Sir Archibald Geikie (1835–1924) is examined with reference to his immediate family and descendants, including much previously unpublished documentary archival material preserved at the Haslemere Educational Museum. The lives of Archibald’s children are also...
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Series: Geological Society, London, Special Publications
Published: 01 January 2019
DOI: 10.1144/SP480.19
EISBN: 9781786204240
... Abstract The British Geological Survey (BGS) petrology collections contain almost 1500 Scottish rock samples (with thin sections) deposited by Archibald Geikie, including BGSS1, an analcime gabbro from Salisbury Crags, Edinburgh. High-quality thin section images are now available from the BGS’s...
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Series: Geological Society, London, Special Publications
Published: 01 January 2019
DOI: 10.1144/SP480.9
EISBN: 9781786204240
... Abstract Sir Archibald Geikie’s uncle, Walter Geikie (1795–1837), was one of the most remarkable artists working in Edinburgh in the early nineteenth century. During childhood he had contracted a fever that left him unable to hear or speak. Yet this lifelong disability did not prevent him from...
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Series: Geological Society, London, Special Publications
Published: 01 January 2019
DOI: 10.1144/SP480.13
EISBN: 9781786204240
... Extract Sir Archibald Geikie (1835–1924) was a formidable and authoritarian figure who played a central part in British geology in Victorian and Edwardian times. He was a protégé of Sir Roderick Impey Murchison and became Professor of Geology at the University of Edinburgh (1871), Director...
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Journal Article
Published: 01 September 1971
Journal of the Geological Society (1971) 127 (5): 431–435.
...KINGSLEY DUNHAM; JAMES ROBBIE Abstract A hundred years ago, Andrew Crombie Ramsey as Director-General of the Geological Survey and Archibald Geikie as Director for Scotland, had a great prospect before them. The progress of the survey in Scotland as indicated by the publication of one-inch...