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Extinction and evolutionary recovery in animals

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Journal Article
Journal: Paleobiology
Published: 01 August 2011
Paleobiology (2011) 37 (3): 409-425.
...Jonathan L. Payne; Mindi Summers; Brianna L. Rego; Demir Altiner; Jiayong Wei; Meiyi Yu; Daniel J. Lehrmann Abstract Delayed biotic recovery from the end-Permian mass extinction has long been interpreted to result from environmental inhibition. Recently, evidence of more rapid recovery has begun...
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Journal Article
Journal: Paleobiology
Published: 01 August 2007
Paleobiology (2007) 33 (3): 435-454.
... the evolutionary and ecological impacts of both mass extinctions and their subsequent recoveries ( Sepkoski 1984 ; Miller and Sepkoski 1988 ; Jablonski 1989 , 2004 ; Hallam 1991 ; Droser et al. 2000 ; Labandeira et al. 2002 ; Rees 2002 ; Wilf and Johnson 2004 ). However, the global ecosystem...
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Journal Article
Journal: Paleobiology
Published: 08 August 2018
Paleobiology (2018) 44 (3): 347-367.
... estimates due to the conflation of the ranges of non-overlapping taxa into one bin; this limits our ability to make inferences about short-lived events in the evolution of biodiversity. Such events include mass extinctions and their subsequent recovery episodes, which could potentially take place on shorter...
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Journal Article
Journal: Paleobiology
Published: 09 May 2013
Paleobiology (2013) 39 (3): 429-469.
... the dynamics of mass extinctions and their ensuing biotic recoveries thus bears directly on evolutionary and ecological theory, as both aim to explain the loss and origination of biodiversity and the fragility, collapse, and assembly of ecosystems. The Cretaceous/Paleogene (K/Pg) mass extinction event...
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Journal Article
Journal: Paleobiology
Published: 09 July 2013
Paleobiology (2013) 39 (4): 560-575.
... in place. We have critically examined the assumptions on which the Red Queen metaphor was founded. We argue that the Red Queen embodies three demonstrably false assumptions: (1) evolutionary adaptation is continuous; (2) organisms are important agents of extinction; and (3) evolution is a zero-sum process...
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Journal Article
Journal: Paleobiology
Published: 01 March 2012
Paleobiology (2012) 38 (2): 278-291.
...Andrew Zaffos; Steven M. Holland Abstract A basic hypothesis in extinction theory predicts that more abundant taxa have an evolutionary advantage over less abundant taxa, which should manifest as increased survivorship during major extinction events and longer fossil-record durations. Despite...
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Journal Article
Journal: Paleobiology
Published: 01 May 2007
Paleobiology (2007) 33 (2): 261-272.
...Michael Foote Abstract If last appearances of marine animal genera are taken as reasonable proxies for true extinctions, then there is appreciable global extinction in every stage of the Phanerozoic. If, instead, backsmearing of extinctions by incomplete sampling is explicitly taken...
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Journal Article
Published: 01 May 2000
Journal of Paleontology (2000) 74 (3): 404-425.
.... The capacity for recovery from damage and partial mortality is amazing. Rejuvenation may have been accompanied by peripheral expansion in some cases. Rapid regeneration could involve axial increase. Circular lacunae that formed during recovery became sites of rapid lateral increase or corallite decrease. Two...
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Journal Article
Journal: Paleobiology
Published: 01 March 2012
Paleobiology (2012) 38 (2): 218-239.
... whether the biologic and ecologic patterns observed primarily at the global level during this time are also expressed at the local level, and whether the end-Cretaceous (K/Pg) mass extinction and recovery moderated these trends. To explore whether environment had any effect on these patterns, we examine...
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Journal Article
Journal: Geology
Published: 01 May 2017
Geology (2017) 45 (5): 395-398.
... remain poorly understood. The fossil record provides opportunities to assess the response of marine fishes to multistressor global change over evolutionary time scales. In particular, the end-Permian and end-Triassic mass extinctions were triggered by rapid CO 2 release from flood basalt eruptions...
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Journal Article
Journal: Paleobiology
Published: 01 January 2007
Paleobiology (2007) 33 (1): 76-97.
...Andrew M. Bush; Richard K. Bambach; Gwen M. Daley Abstract We present a new three-dimensional theoretical ecospace for the ecological classification of marine animals based on vertical tiering, motility level, and feeding mechanism. In this context, analyses of a database of level-bottom fossil...
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Journal Article
Journal: Geology
Published: 01 March 2007
Geology (2007) 35 (3): 227-230.
...) a reduction in the average body size of individuals; and (4) individuals with inactive lifestyles being more common than in the late Maastrichtian. Return to pre-extinction conditions of the various synecological attributes occurred over unequal time spans, indicating that recovery was uncoordinated...
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Journal Article
Journal: Paleobiology
Published: 01 January 2005
Paleobiology (2005) 31 (1): 141-150.
... or plant age. Furthermore, both the lack of carbohydrate accumulation in the leaf tissues during the polar summer ( Osborne and Beerling 2003 ) and the recovery of CO 2 -stimulated photosynthetic rates after the polar summer in four out of five species ( Fig. 3C ), also argue against a strong influence...
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Journal Article
Published: 01 September 2008
Journal of Paleontology (2008) 82 (5): 924-937.
... extinction in terms of brachiopods, a contemporaneous onset of the Lopingian recovery/radiation during the pre-Lopingian crisis period, and taxonomic selectivity of the pre-Lopingian crisis in terms of different fossil groups. New taxa are Echinauris doulingensis n. sp., Pararigbyella quadrilobata n. gen...
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Series: SEPM Special Publication
Published: 01 January 2012
DOI: 10.2110/sepmsp.101.015
EISBN: 9781565763142
... fossils with biomats indicates that exploitation of microbial mats may have reappeared as a common feeding strategy during the Early Triassic. With the gradual recovery of benthic faunas after the end-Permian mass extinction and the establishment of the Modern evolutionary fauna, mixgrounds became...
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Journal Article
Journal: Paleobiology
Published: 01 January 2002
Paleobiology (2002) 28 (1): 70-100.
... diversification beginning in the mid Carboniferous. Similar morphospace trajectories have been documented in studies of morphological evolution in animals; however, plant fossils present unique opportunities for understanding the developmental processes that underlie such patterns. Detailed comparison of venation...
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Journal Article
Journal: Paleobiology
Published: 01 November 2007
Paleobiology (2007) 33 (4): 547-573.
.... However, tracking the diversity and ecology of primary producers provides an ideal surrogate with which to explore patterns of ecosystem stability, collapse, and recovery and to explicitly test for gradual versus catastrophic causal mechanisms of extinction. We present an analysis of the vegetation...
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Series: Geological Society, London, Special Publications
Published: 01 January 2016
DOI: 10.1144/SP423.6
EISBN: 9781862399556
... phase at the top of the Frasnian (Fig. 7 ) and can be considered as disaster species. Contrary to corals, the post-extinction brachiopod recovery was rapid in the basal Famennian of southern Belgium but, despite their great abundance, the brachiopod diversity was quite low. At present, only one...
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Journal Article
Journal: Paleobiology
Published: 01 May 2008
Paleobiology (2008) 34 (2): 195-209.
... in shaping global biodiversity patterns across evolutionary time scales. As taxa are allowed to originate, go extinct, and migrate among continents, the model keeps track of global richness and differentiation diversity (the diversity gained by pooling continents). The model's results highlight...
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Journal Article
Journal: Paleobiology
Published: 01 March 2013
Paleobiology (2013) 39 (2): 253-277.
.... 252.3 Ma [ Shen et al. 2011 ]) resulted in the extinction of 80–95% of animal species and had profound influences on earliest Triassic faunal characteristics and ecosystem dynamics ( Erwin 1998 , 2006 ; Erwin et al. 2003 ; Twitchett et al. 2001 ; Smith and Botha 2005 ; Ward et al. 2005 ; Botha...
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