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Croll, James

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Journal Article
Published: 01 April 2023
Earth Sciences History (2023) 42 (1): 160–173.
...Kevin J. Edwards ABSTRACT Three new pieces of evidence concerning James Croll, the nineteenth century Scottish autodidact and climate change pioneer are revealed. These untold facets became apparent as a result of pursuing evidence further than might have seemed warranted, and comprise: (1) Croll’s...
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Journal Article
Published: 01 October 1986
Earth Sciences History (1986) 5 (2): 131–133.
...Paul Tasch ABSTRACT Hays et al (1976) showed that variant orbital geometry was the “pacemaker” of the Ice Ages. They referenced James Croll (1875) among others. Croll also had presented calculations to demonstrate an equivalent relationship. Lyell tried unsuccessfully to apply Croll’s astronomical...
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Portrait of <span class="search-highlight">James</span> <span class="search-highlight">Croll</span> from the frontispiece of  Irons (1896) .
Published: 01 April 2023
Figure 1. Portrait of James Croll from the frontispiece of Irons (1896) .
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Copy of letter from <span class="search-highlight">James</span> <span class="search-highlight">Croll</span>, accepting appointment as janitor at Anders...
Published: 01 April 2023
Figure 3. Copy of letter from James Croll, accepting appointment as janitor at Anderson’s University, 1 February 1860.
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Letter from <span class="search-highlight">James</span> <span class="search-highlight">Croll</span> to Benjamin Neeve Peach (1842–1926), 9 May 1872 (co...
Published: 01 April 2023
Figure 5. Letter from James Croll to Benjamin Neeve Peach (1842–1926), 9 May 1872 (courtesy of the British Geological Survey, reference GSM/GL/Cr/12) (left) compared with a portion of page 1 of the Hooker copy letter to Croll dated 1 April 1884 (courtesy of The Rare Book & Manuscript Library
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Letter from Joseph Dalton Hooker to <span class="search-highlight">James</span> <span class="search-highlight">Croll</span> (16 January 1874; © British...
Published: 01 April 2023
Figure 6. Letter from Joseph Dalton Hooker to James Croll (16 January 1874; © British Library Board, Add MS 41077, f.72, p. 72) (left) and the copy letter to Croll (courtesy of The Rare Book & Manuscript Library, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign) (right).
Series: The Micropalaeontological Society, Special Publications
Published: 01 January 2007
DOI: 10.1144/TMS002.1
EISBN: 9781862396203
... Hemisphere. Initially, the idea that such ice-sheets could wax and wane frequently with regular periodicities was inconceivable. Such behaviour had been suggested in theory; specifically the astronomical theory of James Croll (1864), later embellished by Milutin Milankovicć (1941), but it was not until...
Journal Article
Published: 01 April 2023
Earth Sciences History (2023) 42 (1): i–iv.
... erratic maps late in life has delayed his recognition as one of the pioneers of glacial geology. In recent years, Kevin Edwards has published a number of papers about the life of James Croll, the early proponent for orbital forcing of climate change. In the paper published here, Edwards provides three...
Journal Article
Published: 01 November 2000
Scottish Journal of Geology (2000) 36 (2): 110–114.
... Observatory’, which contains drawings by Sir Archibald Geikie. In the early years of the Geological Society of Glasgow, one of its members was a Mr. James Croll. Croll was a meteorologist with a particular interest in the causes of climatic change. In his work, ‘Climate and Time’, published in 1875, he...
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Journal Article
Published: 01 November 2011
Scottish Journal of Geology (2011) 47 (2): 179–188.
... visit to Edinburgh during which, in November 1840, he identified glacial striation on Blackford Hill. He notes connections with the work of James Croll (see below) and associations with the Reverend Buckland and Charles Lyell, but also offers a curious warning: ‘for I have invariably observed that when...
Journal Article
Published: 01 October 1983
Earth Sciences History (1983) 2 (2): 122–129.
... that the popularity of James Croll’s theory, which correlated climatic Change and glaciation with cyclical changes in the eccentricity of the Earth’s orbit, 14 and which had been endorsed by James Geikie, who had delineated a succession of glacial and interglacial deposits in Britain, 15 had led “eologists...
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Series: Geological Society, London, Special Publications
Published: 01 January 2019
DOI: 10.1144/SP480.1
EISBN: 9781786204240
... that the remains of marine shells associated with some of the boulder clay meant that the land had sunk by, perhaps, 200 ft or so, temporarily. Indeed, one of Geikie’s Scottish colleagues, James Croll (1821–90), later pointed out that the movement of the Scandinavian Ice Sheet across the bed of the North Sea...
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Journal Article
Published: 01 October 2019
Earth Sciences History (2019) 38 (2): 204–214.
..., he succeeded John Playfair (1748−1819), known to geologists as author of Illustrations of the Huttonian Theory of the Earth ( Playfair 1802 ). He was succeeded in turn by a protégé, pioneer Scottish glaciologist James David Forbes (1809-1868) ( Cunningham 1990 ). Leslie was a close contemporary...
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Journal Article
Published: 01 October 1982
Earth Sciences History (1982) 1 (1): 7–13.
... crucially on James Croll’s natural philosophical account of climatic change, a dependence which, given the prevailing climate of opinion within geology, he was anxious to conceal (Hamlin, forthcoming). Most of us share an implicit model of disciplinary development, although such models are rarely...
Journal Article
Published: 01 April 1990
Journal of the Geological Society (1990) 147 (2): 315–320.
... suspects that he publications of James Croll (1864) may also have influenced Lyell in this matter, though he did not reference Croll s work specifically, preferring to draw on Herschel as a source. 315 316 C . P. SUMMERHAYES A B A Fig. 1. Lyells s attempt to show how changes in the positions...
Journal Article
Published: 07 September 2016
Scottish Journal of Geology (2016) 52 (2): 77–89.
...Adrian M. Hall; James B. Riding Abstract This paper reviews existing information on the last glaciation of Caithness and presents new evidence for additional till units and for long distance ice-flow paths based on till palynomorphs, indicator erratics and striae. Early, radial expansion...
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Journal Article
Published: 01 October 1986
Earth Sciences History (1986) 5 (2): 170–179.
... in the Generation of the Earth’s Crust A.V. Lapo ESH 05-01 128-130 The Innocence of George Joel J. Lloyd Hoggart Toulmin ESH 05-01 131-133 James Croll and Charles Paul Tasch Lyell as Glacial Epoch Theorists ESH 05-01 134-136 An Early Supporter of Continental Drift Curt Teichert ESH 05-01 137...
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Journal Article
Published: 01 July 2007
Geological Magazine (2007) 144 (4): 633–642.
... to be so interpreted was at Port Askaig in Islay, Scotland, by James Thomson (1871) . It is appropriate that a most thorough description of any glacial sequence was of this and related tillites ( Spencer, 1971 ). Archibald Geikie (1880) considered a Torridonian diamictite as possibly glacial. James...
Journal Article
Published: 01 April 2004
Scottish Journal of Geology (2004) 40 (1): 93–96.
... of thought and controversy from the days of James Hutton. This approach means that some contributions, particularly those of James Croll in relation to the controls on glaciations, have been omitted. This is a pity, as his pioneering work was the forerunner to that of Milankovitch which is proving so...
Journal Article
Published: 03 October 2018
Scottish Journal of Geology (2018) 54 (2): 117–123.
...’, but he rejects suggestions that they were fleeing from a great flood and died of the cold! Among alternative explanations, suggestions ‘by physicists’ that climate change reflected ‘changes in the obliquity of the elliptic’ (a hundred years before James Croll (1867) !) were also rejected, in the belief...