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Catastrophism vs. uniformity in paleontologic record

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Series: GCSSEPM
Published: 01 December 2013
DOI: 10.5724/gcs.03.23.0725
EISBN: 978-0-9836096-7-4
... occurring contemporaneously on nearby continental shelves. Changing shelf environments effectively control sediment bypassing of the shelf edge and thus modulate sediment accumulation in linked shelf, slope, and rise depocenters. In deep-water sections it is unlikely that large ecozone changes recorded...
Journal Article
Published: 01 May 2006
Journal of Sedimentary Research (2006) 76 (5): 731-770.
... and Quaternary fluvial bodies for which width (W) and thickness (T) are recorded. Twelve types of channel bodies and valley fills are distinguished based on their geomorphic setting, geometry, and internal structure, and log-log plots of W against T are presented for each type. Narrow and broad ribbons (W/T <...
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Journal Article
Journal: Paleobiology
Published: 01 January 2007
Paleobiology (2007) 33 (1): 24-52.
... for similar ecological response to environmental change in large-scale paleontological studies, but a clear relationship between diversity and ecological function has rarely been demonstrated in marine systems dominated by mollusks. To explore this relationship, we have compiled a data set...
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Journal Article
Published: 01 February 2004
Journal of Paleontology (2004) 78 (2): 245-256.
...JOHN R. GROVES; ROBERTO RETTORI; DEMÍR ALTINER Abstract Paleozoic lagenide foraminifera are strikingly similar morphologically to Mesozoic and Cenozoic Lagenida, but because benthic foraminifers suffered a catastrophic reduction in diversity during the end-Permian mass extinction, it is unclear...
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Journal Article
Journal: PALAIOS
Published: 01 September 2007
PALAIOS (2007) 22 (5): 476-488.
.... , 1992a , The fossil record and evolution: Comparing cladistic and paleontologic evidence for vertebrate history : Science , 255 . 1690 – 1693 . Norell , M.A. , and Novacek , M.J. , 1992b , Congruence between superpositional and phylogenetic patterns: Comparing cladistic patterns...
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Journal Article
Published: 01 September 2017
Journal of Sedimentary Research (2017) 87 (9): 986-1018.
... ). The δ 13 C org record at Shell Beach is characterized by an irregular trend towards more negative values in the bottom part of the section. Immediately above the massive volcanogenic intercalation at 47 m, the δ 13 C org values become more uniform. In the overlying interval, the record shows a minimum...
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Journal Article
Journal: GSA Bulletin
Published: 01 July 2012
GSA Bulletin (2012) 124 (7-8): 1071-1086.
... the nature of Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum and the effects on shallow-water ecosystems. We use carbon and oxygen isotope stratigraphy, in conjunction with detailed larger benthic foraminiferal biostratigraphy, to establish a high-resolution paleoclimatic record for the Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum...
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Journal Article
Published: 01 February 2015
Journal of Sedimentary Research (2015) 85 (2): 192-208.
..., in conjunction with geochemical data of paleosols, can be used to identify paleo-andic soil properties which have not been widely recognized in the ancient rock record. Alternating wetting and drying conditions, required to form pedogenic I/S in these alluvial paleosols, resulted from a highly seasonal moisture...
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Journal Article
Journal: GSA Bulletin
Published: 03 April 2018
GSA Bulletin (2018) 130 (9-10): 1411-1438.
...Robert A. Gastaldo; Johann Neveling; John W. Geissman; Sandra L. Kamo Abstract Current models of the terrestrial biosphere’s response to the end-Permian crisis are based largely on lithostratigraphic, magnetostratigraphic, and biostratigraphic records obtained from sedimentary successions...
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Journal Article
Journal: Paleobiology
Published: 01 January 2001
Paleobiology (2001) 27 (4): 583-601.
... regions ( Miller 1997, 1998 ). The stability of paleontological databases, however, does not provide clear evidence for the accuracy of the signals they reveal, because variation in the character of the record is still an issue. Recent modeling work by Holland (1995, 2000) and Holland and Patzkowsky...
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Journal Article
Journal: PALAIOS
Published: 12 June 2018
PALAIOS (2018) 33 (6): 266-281.
... records of the Lower Triassic Servino Formation, Italy. We also provide the first δ 13 C carb isotope curve, and present new occurrence data of stratigraphically important fossils (i.e., cf. Tirolites cassianus ), to improve the stratigraphic framework of the Servino Formation. The low-diversity fossil...
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Journal Article
Published: 01 July 2002
Journal of Foraminiferal Research (2002) 32 (3): 274-307.
... as in the Atlantic Ocean. The precise mechanistic cause of the Stilostomella extinction (cooling, increased oxygenation of bottom waters, food supply changes) is yet to be resolved. This study reveals a much larger extinction of taxa than previously recorded (middle Pleistocene extinction rate of 23% of the bathyal...
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Journal Article
Published: 01 May 2013
Journal of Sedimentary Research (2013) 83 (5): 406-426.
... of arid, acidic conditions unfavorable to biotic colonization. Sampling was as uniform as possible along the sections; we tried to collect samples from all subunits, in order to compare chemical and mineralogical variations between units and subunits. However, this was not always possible...
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Journal Article
Journal: Paleobiology
Published: 09 May 2013
Paleobiology (2013) 39 (3): 429-469.
... mammalian lineages (e.g., Bininda-Emonds et al. 2007 ) or pointed to equally significant bursts of diversification that occurred well before the K/Pg boundary ( Meredith et al. 2011 ; see review by Goswami 2012 ), although statistical analyses of preservation potential in the fossil record deem this early...
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Journal Article
Journal: Paleobiology
Published: 01 September 2012
Paleobiology (2012) 38 (4): 664-681.
... individuals from collections of body parts: a taphonomic limitation of the paleontological record . Paleobiology 20 : 245 – 258 . Hall J. 1843 . Geology of New York, Part IV. Comprising the survey of the fourth...
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Journal Article
Journal: GSA Bulletin
Published: 01 February 2000
GSA Bulletin (2000) 112 (2): 292-307.
..., 1989 ; Schluter and Ricklefs, 1993 ; Latham and Ricklefs, 1993 ; Rosenzweig, 1995 ; Richards, 1996 ). The fossil record can address whether the same trends seen with decreasing latitude in extant forests hold with increasing temperature when latitude is held constant. Wing et al. (1995) found...
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Journal Article
Published: 01 November 2016
Journal of Sedimentary Research (2016) 86 (11): 1249-1268.
... their distribution in space and time and the nature of their boundaries with adjacent units. Second, we present a detailed analysis of the sedimentology, mineralogy, and paleontology of the most famous and taxonomically diverse example, the upper middle Eocene Gosport Sand of southwestern Alabama. Any model...
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Journal Article
Journal: Paleobiology
Published: 01 January 2011
Paleobiology (2011) 37 (2): 332-354.
... distributions of dead individuals are commonly observed to be right-skewed, we set per capita preservation rates to one so that dead individuals are drawn from a uniform rather than an exponential age-frequency distribution (in the latter, per capita preservation rate is constant but <1). Assuming a uniform...
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Journal Article
Published: 01 May 2004
Journal of Sedimentary Research (2004) 74 (3): 378-390.
... sequence consists of fine-grained sediments deposited during the early Pliocene global eustatic highstand, and that the middle sequence records global sea-level change in the late Pliocene. This transition marks the shift to the sandy lowstand deposits that constitute the uppermost sequence that extends...
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Journal Article
Published: 01 April 2007
Journal of Foraminiferal Research (2007) 37 (2): 107-124.
.... The downcore changes are well indicated by the results of PC analysis and percentages of the 63–125-μm and >125-μm sediment fractions (Figs 7 , 8 ). Foraminiferal assemblages recovered from the 60- and 100-m sites of cores A and C were quite uniform throughout their length (Figs. 6 , 8...
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