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Structural analysis of the Dasht-e Bayaz (Iran) earthquake fractures

J. S. Tchalenko and N. N. Ambraseys
Structural analysis of the Dasht-e Bayaz (Iran) earthquake fractures
Geological Society of America Bulletin (1970) 81 (1): 41-59


A structural analysis is presented of the fractures formed in the fault zone associated with the Dasht-e Bayaz earthquake of August 31, 1968. The segment of the fault zone studied in detail here is 25 km long, 2 to 3 km wide, and located in the Quaternary sediments of the Nimbluk Valley. The maximum relative displacements ohserved in the fault zone (up to 450 cm left-lateral and 250 cm vertical) are concentrated in an east-west principal displacement zone 2 to 100 m wide. This zone is in turn, on a larger scale, composed of en echelon shear zones. The fault zone contains also many small fracturesdispersed throughout the area and reflecting, to a certain extent, the dominant trends of the principal displacement zone. Both on the scale of the whole fault zone and on the larger scale of the principal displacement zone, the structures are characteristic of a simple shear type of deformation. Their sense of movement and initial directions can be interpreted in terms of the Coulomb failure criterion applied to a material with an angle of shearing resistance of 35 to 40.

ISSN: 0016-7606
EISSN: 1943-2674
Serial Title: Geological Society of America Bulletin
Serial Volume: 81
Serial Issue: 1
Title: Structural analysis of the Dasht-e Bayaz (Iran) earthquake fractures
Pages: 41-59
Published: 1970
Text Language: English
Publisher: Geological Society of America (GSA), Boulder, CO, United States
Accession Number: 1970-010004
Categories: Structural geology
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. (incl. sketch maps)
N25°00'00" - N39°30'00", E44°00'00" - E63°19'60"
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2019, American Geosciences Institute.
Update Code: 1970
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