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GEOREF RECORD

Interpreted depositional conditions of balanced-fill lake basin strata incorporating vertebrate and invertebrate trace fossils, Triassic Santa Clara Sub-Basin, Cuyana Rift Basin, Argentina

Cecilia A. Benavente, Kevin M. Bohacs and Adriana C. Mancuso
Interpreted depositional conditions of balanced-fill lake basin strata incorporating vertebrate and invertebrate trace fossils, Triassic Santa Clara Sub-Basin, Cuyana Rift Basin, Argentina
Journal of Sedimentary Research (November 2023) 94 (1): 76-102

Abstract

The Santa Clara Abajo and Santa Clara Arriba formations host a diverse assemblage of trace fossils that record a wide range of behaviors and a broad array of ecological niches during the Middle Triassic, a critical period in the evolution of continental fauna with the diversification of both synapsids (cynodont and dicynodont) and archosauromorphs (dinosaurs, pterosaurs, and crocodilians) that represent post-Permian faunal recovery. The Santa Clara formations are part of the continental infill of the Cuyana Rift Basin in Argentina and represent a lacustrine system with fluvial input and delta development. Sedimentological characteristics of these units as well as their stacking patterns characterize a "fluctuating profundal" facies association typical of a balanced-fill lake basin. The lacustrine and associated terrestrial environments preserve a rich record of invertebrate traces with 26 ichnogenera from ethological classes of fodichnia, domichnia, repichnia, pascichnia, and cubichnia occupying all continental tiers (subaerial and subaqueous, surficial/very shallow, shallow, mid, and deeper) and ecological niches (epiterraphilic, terraphilic, hygrophilic, and hydrophilic). In association with the invertebrate traces, two taphonomic modes of tetrapod footprints have been found: a moderate fidelity mode and a high fidelity mode. Physical sedimentary features, burrows, trails, and tracks, and their stratigraphic positions are integrated to interpret the main factors involved in footprint preservation in these subsettings. The most significant and variable preservational factor found is water-table fluctuations controlled by the paleohydrology of a balanced-fill lake system. These data show that in balanced-fill lake systems, diverse trace assemblages occur in the lake and associated subsettings such as delta plains, and lake-margin settings whereas trace fossils can be totally absent in coeval lake-center strata, particularly if anoxic lake bottom conditions occur, as probably occurred in the meromictic Santa Clara lake system.


ISSN: 1527-1404
EISSN: 1938-3681
Serial Title: Journal of Sedimentary Research
Serial Volume: 94
Serial Issue: 1
Title: Interpreted depositional conditions of balanced-fill lake basin strata incorporating vertebrate and invertebrate trace fossils, Triassic Santa Clara Sub-Basin, Cuyana Rift Basin, Argentina
Affiliation: Glaciologia y Ciencias Ambientales (IANIGLA), Instituto Argentino de Nivologia, Mendoza, Argentina
Pages: 76-102
Published: 20231113
Text Language: English
Publisher: Society for Sedimentary Geology, Tulsa, OK, United States
Number of pages: 90
References: 120
Accession Number: 2024-002925
Categories: Sedimentary petrology
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. sects., 2 tables, geol. sketch maps
S32°05'29" - S32°05'29", W69°02'15" - W69°02'15"
Secondary Affiliation: Universidad Nacional de Cuyo, ARG, ArgentinaKMBohacs GEOconsulting, USA, United States
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2024, American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from GeoScienceWorld, Alexandria, VA, United States. Reference includes data supplied by SEPM (Society for Sedimentary Geology), Tulsa, OK, United States
Update Code: 202402
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