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Intersectional impacts of the 2021 M (sub w) 7.2 Nippes, Haiti, earthquake from geotechnical and social perspectives

Ashly Cabas, Cristina Lorenzo-Velazquez, Nancy Ingabire Abayo, Chunyang Ji, Jenny Ramirez, Fernando E. Garcia, Joanne Perodin, Yu-Wei Hwang, Shideh Dashti, Nazife Emel Ganapati, Sary Nicolas, Michael R. Z. Whitworth, Kelly Guerrier, Newdeskarl Saint Fleur, Santina Contreras, Richard Lagesse, Louis Herns Marcelin and Christa L. Remington
Intersectional impacts of the 2021 M (sub w) 7.2 Nippes, Haiti, earthquake from geotechnical and social perspectives
Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America (February 2023) 113 (1): 73-98

Abstract

The M (sub w) 7.2 Nippes, Haiti, earthquake occurred on 14 August 2021 in Haiti's southwest peninsula and in the midst of significant social, economic, and political crises. A hybrid reconnaissance mission (i.e., combined remote and field investigation) was coordinated to document damage to the built environment after the event. This article evaluates two ground-motion records available in Haiti in the context of the geology of the region and known areas with significant damage, such as Les Cayes. We also present a new map of time-averaged shear-wave velocity values to 30 m depth (V (sub S30) ) for Les Cayes and Port-au-Prince based on the geostatistical approach of kriging and accounting for region-specific geology proxies and field measurements of V (sub S30) . Case studies of ground failure observations, including landslides and liquefaction triggering, are described as well as the intersection of social and engineering observations. Maps depicting this important intersection are provided to facilitate the assessment of how natural hazards and social conflicts have influenced the vulnerability of Haiti's population to earthquakes.


ISSN: 0037-1106
EISSN: 1943-3573
Coden: BSSAAP
Serial Title: Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America
Serial Volume: 113
Serial Issue: 1
Title: Intersectional impacts of the 2021 M (sub w) 7.2 Nippes, Haiti, earthquake from geotechnical and social perspectives
Affiliation: North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, United States
Pages: 73-98
Published: 202302
Text Language: English
Publisher: Seismological Society of America, Berkeley, CA, United States
References: 90
Accession Number: 2023-015200
Categories: SeismologyEnvironmental geology
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Annotation: Part of a special section entitled Caribbean tectonics, seismicity and earthquake hazards, edited by Calais, E., et al.
Illustration Description: illus. incl. 2 tables, geol. sketch map
N18°00'00" - N20°19'60", W74°30'00" - W71°40'00"
Secondary Affiliation: Geosyntec Consultants, CAN, CanadaUniversity of Michigan, USA, United StatesFlorida International University, USA, United StatesNational Yang Ming Chiao Tung University, TWN, TaiwanUniversity of Colorado Boulder, USA, United StatesLangan Engineering, USA, United StatesAECOM, GBR, United KingdomUniversite d'Etat d'Haiti, HTI, HaitiUniversity of Southern California, USA, United StatesARUP, GBR, United KingdomUniversity of Miami, USA, United States
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2023, American Geosciences Institute. Abstract, Copyright, Seismological Society of America. Reference includes data from GeoScienceWorld, Alexandria, VA, United States
Update Code: 2023
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