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Pollen morphology of Boraginaceae s.l. from Brazilian forest fragments; aperture types and ornamentation on Cordiaceae and Heliotropiaceae

Lorrayne Albernaz Domingues Camilo Landi, Paloma Gaspar Torrati-Guioti and Eduardo Custodio Gasparino
Pollen morphology of Boraginaceae s.l. from Brazilian forest fragments; aperture types and ornamentation on Cordiaceae and Heliotropiaceae
Palynology (May 2022) 46 (2)

Abstract

Boraginaceae s.l., the single family of Boraginales, are extremely diverse in terms of morphology, and their species are well distributed in South America especially in Brazilian ecosystems. The pollen morphology of 11 Brazilian native species and four genera (Cordia L., Varronia P. Browne, Heliotropium L. and Myriopus Small) of Boraginaceae s.l. was investigated to expand the morphological knowledge of the species, contributing new data on the palynology, taxonomy, and conservation of the family. The pollen grains were acetolyzed, measured, photographed using light microscopy (LM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and described qualitatively. The analyzed species present differences in size, shape, type and number of apertures (3-porate, 3-colpate, 3-colporate and heterocolpate) and exine ornamentation (psilate, echinate, microechinate-verrucate, reticulate and rugulate) of the pollen grains, allowing the species studied to be distinguished. Multivariate analysis of measurements confirms the qualitative description and pollen diversity in Cordiaceae species. Smaller diameter values and similarities in aperture and exine ornamentation characterize the Heliotropiaceae species. Our data reinforce the taxonomic importance of pollen morphology and of Boraginaceae s.l. as eurypalynous.


ISSN: 0191-6122
EISSN: 1558-9188
Serial Title: Palynology
Serial Volume: 46
Serial Issue: 2
Title: Pollen morphology of Boraginaceae s.l. from Brazilian forest fragments; aperture types and ornamentation on Cordiaceae and Heliotropiaceae
Affiliation: Universidade de Sao Paulo, Programa de Pos-Graduacao em Biologia Comparada, Ribeirao Preto, Brazil
Pages: Paper no. 2006354
Published: 202205
Text Language: English
Publisher: American Association of Stratigraphic Palynologists, Dallas, TX, United States
References: 67
Accession Number: 2022-033172
Categories: Paleobotany
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. 4 plates, 4 tables
S24°00'00" - S17°00'00", W58°00'00" - W51°00'00"
S25°19'60" - S19°40'00", W53°00'00" - W44°19'60"
S18°19'60" - S08°19'60", W46°40'00" - W37°19'60"
Secondary Affiliation: Universidade Estadual Paulista, BRA, Brazil
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2022, American Geosciences Institute. Abstract, Copyright, American Association of Stratigraphic Palynologists. Reference includes data from GeoScienceWorld, Alexandria, VA, United States
Update Code: 202212
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