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Provenance studies of amphorae from the Greek colony Pharos on the Island of Hvar, Croatia

Maja Mise, V. Serneels, A. Matana, Alessandro Montanari and B. Kirigin
Provenance studies of amphorae from the Greek colony Pharos on the Island of Hvar, Croatia (in 250 million years of Earth history in central Italy; celebrating 25 years of the Geological Observatory of Coldigioco, Christian Koeberl (editor) and David M. Bice (editor))
Special Paper - Geological Society of America (September 2019) 542: 471-499

Abstract

We present the results of a compositional characterization study of amphorae from the ancient Greek town of Pharos, today Stari Grad, on the island of Hvar, in central Dalmatia, Croatia. The aim of the study was to identify the provenance of amphorae unearthed in Pharos, to determine the locally produced amphorae, and to identify the provenance of imported amphorae with a scientific-based approach, using optical thin-section petrography and bulk geochemical analysis by wavelength-dispersive X-ray fluorescence on 19 samples of different types of amphorae and reference materials. The results of the analyses allowed us to identify a group of imported amphorae from Corinth or Corfu and a group of imported amphorae from southern Italy, probably from Calabria. We were also able to identify a third group of imported amphorae from an as-yet-unknown provenance/workshop. Finally, according to the geochemical composition and close match with the reference material, namely, kitchenware, only two amphorae from the examined collection could be identified as local products. The results of the compositional characterization of amphorae from Pharos show us that an ancient Greek town had trade contacts beyond the Adriatic-Ionian region, and they provide opportunities for further studies of ancient amphorae production and circulation in this part of the Mediterranean.


ISSN: 0072-1077
EISSN: 2331-219X
Coden: GSAPAZ
Serial Title: Special Paper - Geological Society of America
Serial Volume: 542
Title: Provenance studies of amphorae from the Greek colony Pharos on the Island of Hvar, Croatia
Title: 250 million years of Earth history in central Italy; celebrating 25 years of the Geological Observatory of Coldigioco
Author(s): Mise, MajaSerneels, V.Matana, A.Montanari, AlessandroKirigin, B.
Author(s): Koeberl, Christianeditor
Author(s): Bice, David M.editor
Affiliation: University of Fribourg, Department of Geosciences, Fribourg, Switzerland
Affiliation: Natural History Museum, Vienna, Austria
Pages: 471-499
Published: 20190911
Text Language: English
Publisher: Geological Society of America (GSA), Boulder, CO, United States
Meeting name: Geological Society of America Penrose conference
Meeting location: Apiro, ITA, Italy
Meeting date: 20170925Sept. 25-29, 2017
References: 37
Accession Number: 2022-028887
Categories: Quaternary geologyGeochemistry of rocks, soils, and sediments
Document Type: Serial Conference document
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Annotation: Includes appendices
Illustration Description: illus. incl. 3 tables
N43°10'26" - N43°10'26", E16°25'42" - E16°25'42"
N43°10'45" - N43°10'45", E16°38'41" - E16°38'41"
Secondary Affiliation: University of Split, HRV, CroatiaOsservatorio Geologico di Coldigioco, ITA, ItalyArchaeological Museum Split, HRV, Croatia
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2022, American Geosciences Institute.
Update Code: 202224
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