Skip to Main Content
Skip Nav Destination

The Carboniferous-Mid Permian successions of the Northern Apennines; new data from the Pisani Mts. Inlier (Tuscany, Italy)

Federico Marini, Enrico Pandeli, Marco Tongiorgi, Elena Pecchioni and Letizia Orti
The Carboniferous-Mid Permian successions of the Northern Apennines; new data from the Pisani Mts. Inlier (Tuscany, Italy)
Italian Journal of Geosciences (June 2020) 139 (2): 212-232


This paper updates and partially modifies the knowledge of the geological-palaeoenvironmental and geodynamic framework of the Tuscan segment of the Variscan Chain during Permian times. Particularly, it adds new data on the contact between the upper Carboniferous-lower Permian San Lorenzo schist (SLs) and the mid-Permian Asciano breccia and conglomerate (Abc) clastic formations in the Pisani Mts. metamorphic inlier which represents one of the key outcrops for the study of the upper Paleozoic sequences in the Northern Apennines. Their sharp unconformable contact is well documented in the literature at map and outcrop scale and was ascribed to the Saalian phase of the Variscan orogeny that would have occurred in correspondence of a climatic change from equatorial to semi-arid tropical conditions. New geological investigations on the SLs and Abc led to the finding of a continuous stratigraphic section in the Pian della Conserva locality (northwestern Pisani Mts.) where the organic matter-rich SLs conformably passes upwards to the reddish immature, mainly coarse-grained deposits of Abc represents a decametric transition zone. The section was studied in detail from a lithological-sedimentological point of view and sampled for petrographic, mineralogic and chemical studies. The data show that the passage from SLs to Abc represents a main change from an equatorial, wet fluvial-lacustrine environment to a well-drained, alluvial fan system in a monsoon-like climate. This event can be related to the reactivation of the previous late Carboniferous-early Permian shear zones during mid-Permian times. Such reactivation produced morpho-tectonic highs subjected to a rapid erosion and the formation of unconformities, whereas the presence of a few residual fluvial plain areas, characterized by dysoxic conditions, is documented by the gradual passage between SLs and Abc in the Pian della Conserva section. In addition, the presence of a metavolcanoclastic or metaepiclastic layer was also recognized in the uppermost part of the SLs and it represents the first evidence of a late Carboniferous-early Permian volcanic event in the Northern Apennines.

ISSN: 2038-1719
EISSN: 2038-1727
Serial Title: Italian Journal of Geosciences
Serial Volume: 139
Serial Issue: 2
Title: The Carboniferous-Mid Permian successions of the Northern Apennines; new data from the Pisani Mts. Inlier (Tuscany, Italy)
Affiliation: University of Firenze, Department of Earth Sciences, Florence, Italy
Pages: 212-232
Published: 202006
Text Language: English
Publisher: Societa Geologica Italiana, Rome, Italy
References: 75
Accession Number: 2020-072346
Categories: Stratigraphy
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. strat. cols., geol. sketch maps
N43°31'60" - N43°58'60", E10°13'60" - E10°46'60"
Secondary Affiliation: University of Pisa, ITA, Italy
Country of Publication: Italy
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2020, American Geosciences Institute. Abstract, Copyright, Societa Geologica Italiana. Reference includes data from GeoScienceWorld, Alexandria, VA, United States
Update Code: 2020
Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal