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Melissopalynological characterization of honeys from the Discovery Coast, Brazil

Michele da Silva Ferreira Bandeira and Jailson Santos de Novais
Melissopalynological characterization of honeys from the Discovery Coast, Brazil
Palynology (July 2020) 44 (3): 539-550


Although Bahia presents high honey production, considering the national scenario, and has a diversity of environments, studies that characterize the state bee flora using melissopalynology cover relatively little spatial area. In this sense, we aimed to characterize the pollen spectrum of Apis mellifera L., 1758 (Hymenoptera: Apidae) from the Discovery Coast, Bahia. To this end, 21 honey samples were obtained from beekeepers from the municipalities of Belmonte, Eunapolis, Guaratinga, Itabela, Itagimirim, Itapebi and Porto Seguro, from November 2017 to August 2018. All honey samples were prepared using the acetolysis method and the slides were deposited in the palynotheca of the Federal University of Southern Bahia (palinoFLORAS, UFSB). The pollen types present in the honey samples were identified and, subsequently, at least 500 pollen grains per sample were counted, determining the frequency classes and frequency of occurrence. The pollen spectrum presented 44 pollen types distributed in 34 genera and 22 families. The pollen types Brosimum, Cecropia, Eucalyptus 1 and Mimosa pudica were found to be the predominant pollen. Eight pollen types were classified as very frequent, present in more than 50% of the samples: Borreria verticilata, Brosimum, Cecropia, Eucalyptus 1, Eucalyptus 2, Mimosa pudica, Myrcia 1 and Vernonia. We noted the absence of pollen types from the endemic species of the Discovery Coast, but some types such as B. verticillata and Vernonia, related to species that are on the list of vital plants for beekeeping, have been identified. Others helped to characterize the pollen spectra of regional honeys, such as those related to the genera Brosimum, Cecropia and Euterpe that are associated with typical forest species and are represented in the vegetation of the Atlantic Forest in the South of Bahia.

ISSN: 0191-6122
EISSN: 1558-9188
Serial Title: Palynology
Serial Volume: 44
Serial Issue: 3
Title: Melissopalynological characterization of honeys from the Discovery Coast, Brazil
Affiliation: Universidade Federal do Sul da Bahia, Programa de Pos-Graduacao em Ciencias e Tecnologias Ambientais, Porto Seguro, Brazil
Pages: 539-550
Published: 20200722
Text Language: English
Publisher: American Association of Stratigraphic Palynologists, Dallas, TX, United States
References: 99
Accession Number: 2020-067422
Categories: Paleobotany
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. 2 tables, sketch map
S16°30'00" - S16°00'00", W40°00'00" - W39°00'00"
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2020, American Geosciences Institute. Abstract, Copyright, American Association of Stratigraphic Palynologists. Reference includes data from GeoScienceWorld, Alexandria, VA, United States
Update Code: 202019
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