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The M (sub 2) tidal tilt results from USArray seismic data from the Western United States

Vladislav G. Martynov, Luciana Astiz, Debi Kilb and Frank L. Vernon
The M (sub 2) tidal tilt results from USArray seismic data from the Western United States
Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America (June 2020) 110 (6): 3196-3210


We explore the detectability of M2 tidal tilt in the western part of the United States, using seismic velocity data from 40 stations in the EarthScope Transportable Array (TA) network. We augment these data with data from two additional stations both collocated at the Pinon Flats Observatory (PFO) in southern California (networks TA and Incorporated Research Institutions for Seismology [IRIS] International Deployment of Accelerometers [IDA]). We find a good agreement between the acceleration-tilt derived from the TA seismic data with the theoretical model (body Earth and ocean loading for M2). These results are also consistent with prior studies using borehole tiltmeters operated at PFO (Wyatt and Berger, 1980; Wyatt et al., 1982). We find statistically significant M2 tilt anomaly responses that correlate with large lateral variations in rock properties in Yellowstone National Park, which stem from volcanic sources in the region. We also examined deviations in the M2 tidal tilt mode in regions with other geological features including the Cascades volcanic range and a large plutonic body located in Idaho and eastern Oregon. Of these, only the Cascadia data show evidence of lateral variances of elastic properties, similar to that of the Yellowstone Caldera (YC). We conclude that tilt measurements from seismic noise data can successfully identify relatively large structural changes in elastic properties of the crustal Earth (e.g., the YC) and significant change in the elastic properties (e.g., Cascadia subduction zone). But, when the features are smaller and/or have a more muted variation in the elastic properties (e.g., the plutonic body in Idaho and eastern Oregon), the induced changes in the tilt values are too small to be detected using TA data.

ISSN: 0037-1106
EISSN: 1943-3573
Serial Title: Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America
Serial Volume: 110
Serial Issue: 6
Title: The M (sub 2) tidal tilt results from USArray seismic data from the Western United States
Affiliation: Scripps Institution of Oceanography, San Diego, CA, United States
Pages: 3196-3210
Published: 20200623
Text Language: English
Publisher: Seismological Society of America, Berkeley, CA, United States
References: 48
Accession Number: 2020-067228
Categories: Seismology
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. 2 tables, sketch maps
N44°00'00" - N45°00'00", W111°00'00" - W110°00'00"
Secondary Affiliation: National Science Foundation, USA, United States
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2022, American Geosciences Institute. Abstract, Copyright, Seismological Society of America. Reference includes data from GeoScienceWorld, Alexandria, VA, United States
Update Code: 202041
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