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Noise reduction with reflection supervirtual interferometry

Kai Lu, Zhaolun Liu, Sherif Hanafy and Gerard Schuster
Noise reduction with reflection supervirtual interferometry
Geophysics (March 2020) 85 (3): V249-V256


To image deeper portions of the earth, geophysicists must record reflection data with much greater source-receiver offsets. The problem with these data is that the signal-to-noise ratio (S/N) significantly diminishes with greater offset. In many cases, the poor S/N makes the far-offset reflections imperceptible on the shot records. To mitigate this problem, we have developed supervirtual reflection interferometry (SVI), which can be applied to far-offset reflections to significantly increase their S/N. The key idea is to select the common pair gathers where the phases of the correlated reflection arrivals differ from one another by no more than a quarter of a period so that the traces can be coherently stacked. The traces are correlated and summed together to create traces with virtual reflections, which in turn are convolved with one another and stacked to give the reflection traces with much stronger S/Ns. This is similar to refraction SVI except far-offset reflections are used instead of refractions. The theory is validated with synthetic tests where SVI is applied to far-offset reflection arrivals to significantly improve their S/N. Reflection SVI is also applied to a field data set where the reflections are too noisy to be clearly visible in the traces. After the implementation of reflection SVI, the normal moveout velocity can be accurately picked from the SVI-improved data, leading to a successful poststack migration for this data set.

ISSN: 0016-8033
EISSN: 1942-2156
Coden: GPYSA7
Serial Title: Geophysics
Serial Volume: 85
Serial Issue: 3
Title: Noise reduction with reflection supervirtual interferometry
Affiliation: King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia
Pages: V249-V256
Published: 20200313
Text Language: English
Publisher: Society of Exploration Geophysicists, Tulsa, OK, United States
References: 21
Accession Number: 2020-041680
Categories: Applied geophysics
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Annotation: Includes appendices
Illustration Description: illus.
S03°00'00" - S02°58'00", E35°16'00" - E35°19'60"
Secondary Affiliation: King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, SAU, Saudi Arabia
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2020, American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from GeoScienceWorld, Alexandria, VA, United States. Reference includes data supplied by Society of Exploration Geophysicists, Tulsa, OK, United States
Update Code: 2020
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