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Petroleum evolution within the Tarim Basin, northwestern China; insights from organic geochemistry, fluid inclusions, and rhenium-osmium geochronology of the Halahatang oil field

Ge Xiang, Shen Chuanbo, David Selby, Martin Feely and Zhu Guangyou
Petroleum evolution within the Tarim Basin, northwestern China; insights from organic geochemistry, fluid inclusions, and rhenium-osmium geochronology of the Halahatang oil field
AAPG Bulletin (February 2020) 104 (2): 329-355

Abstract

The newly discovered Halahatang oil field in the northern Tarim Basin has a potential resource of more than 70 billion bbl of oil. Oil organic geochemical data from the Halahatang oil field indicate that the oils are of moderate maturity, biodegraded, and represent one oil family, derived from the same Paleozoic marine source. Modeling of coeval aqueous and hydrocarbon-bearing inclusion data provide fluid trapping temperatures and pressures of 100 degrees C to 110 degrees C and approximately 39 to 59 MPa ( approximately 5656-8557 psi), respectively. The fluid inclusion data coupled with the previous basin model studies suggest a single prolonged oil migration event during the Permian. The Re-Os isotope data of the oil yields an early Permian Re-Os age of 285 + or - 48 Ma. The age agrees with the timing of maturation of the Paleozoic source via burial history modeling but is slightly older ( approximately 5-55 m.y.) than the oil migration and accumulation timing implied by the basin modeling coupled with fluid inclusion analysis and the published reservoir illite K-Ar dates. Thus, the oil Re-Os date suggests that oil generation in the Halahatang depression of the Tarim Basin occurred during the early Permian rather than the Silurian as previously proposed, with subsequent oil migration and accumulation occurring during the middle-late Permian as recorded by basin modeling, coupled with fluid inclusion analysis and illite K-Ar dating. In addition to promoting petroleum exploration in the Tarim Basin, this study, which combines crude oil Re-Os isotope dating and traditional analytical methods (organic geochemistry and fluid inclusion analysis) to constrain petroleum evolution, is applicable to hydrocarbon systems worldwide.


ISSN: 0149-1423
EISSN: 1558-9153
Coden: AABUD2
Serial Title: AAPG Bulletin
Serial Volume: 104
Serial Issue: 2
Title: Petroleum evolution within the Tarim Basin, northwestern China; insights from organic geochemistry, fluid inclusions, and rhenium-osmium geochronology of the Halahatang oil field
Affiliation: China University of Geosciences, Ministry of Education, Key Laboratory of Tectonics and Petroleum Resources, Wuhan, China
Pages: 329-355
Published: 20200215
Text Language: English
Publisher: American Association of Petroleum Geologists, Tulsa, OK, United States
References: 111
Accession Number: 2020-028729
Categories: GeochronologyEconomic geology, geology of energy sources
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. chart, sects., 4 tables, sketch map
N40°00'00" - N42°00'00", E83°00'00" - E84°00'00"
Secondary Affiliation: Durham University, Department of Earth Sciences, GBR, United KingdomNational University of Ireland, School of Natural Sciences, Discipline of Earth and Ocean Sciences, IRL, IrelandPetroChina, Research Institute of Petroleum Exploration and Development, CHN, China
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2020, American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from GeoScienceWorld, Alexandria, VA, United States. Reference includes data supplied by American Association of Petroleum Geologists, Tulsa, OK, United States
Update Code: 202009
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