Skip to Main Content
Skip Nav Destination
GEOREF RECORD

Communication strategy of the U.S. Geological Survey Hawaiian Volcano Observatory during the lava-flow crisis of 2014-2015, Kilauea Volcano, Hawai'i

Steven R. Brantley, James P. Kauahikaua, Janet L. Babb, Tim R. Orr, Matthew R. Patrick, Michael P. Poland, Frank A. Trusdell and Darryl Oliveira
Communication strategy of the U.S. Geological Survey Hawaiian Volcano Observatory during the lava-flow crisis of 2014-2015, Kilauea Volcano, Hawai'i (in Field volcanology; a tribute to the distinguished career of Don Swanson, Michael P. Poland, Michael O. Garcia, Victor E. Camp and Anita L. Grunder)
Special Paper - Geological Society of America (February 2019) 538: 351-373

Abstract

In 2014-2015, a slow-moving pahoehoe lava flow from the remote Pu'u O'o vent on Kilauea Volcano advanced 20 km into populated areas of the Puna District on the Island of Hawai'i. The staff of the U.S. Geological Survey's (USGS) Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) mobilized their resources to closely monitor the flow and provide up-to-date information to the Hawai'i County Civil Defense (HCCD) agency, the public, and the news media. Scientists issued formal USGS notifications about the flow and Kilauea's two eruptions, prepared maps and annotated photographs, infrared images, and videos for dissemination online, and wrote weekly "Volcano Watch" articles for local newspapers. They also provided regular briefings for federal, state, and county agency representatives, answered questions during near-daily briefings with local and national media, and offered information through an established lecture series and participation in community emergency preparedness fairs. Noteworthy among the communication activities was a series of public meetings organized by the Hawai'i County mayor's office and led by the HCCD administrator. The meetings were a regular forum for many HVO scientists to talk directly and frequently with residents, business owners, elected officials, and other stakeholders about their concerns, the evolving status of the eruptions, and the uncertain prognosis of the flow's advance and extent. The dialogue was essential for HVO staff to describe their observations and insights about the lava flow's behavior and to gain credibility with the community during the crisis. This experience suggests that personal engagement with people at risk from future lava flows in Hawai'i and elsewhere in the world will remain a crucial part of an eruption response, even with greater capability to disseminate warnings and information digitally via the Internet.


ISSN: 0072-1077
EISSN: 2331-219X
Coden: GSAPAZ
Serial Title: Special Paper - Geological Society of America
Serial Volume: 538
Title: Communication strategy of the U.S. Geological Survey Hawaiian Volcano Observatory during the lava-flow crisis of 2014-2015, Kilauea Volcano, Hawai'i
Title: Field volcanology; a tribute to the distinguished career of Don Swanson
Author(s): Brantley, Steven R.Kauahikaua, James P.Babb, Janet L.Orr, Tim R.Patrick, Matthew R.Poland, Michael P.Trusdell, Frank A.Oliveira, Darryl
Author(s): Poland, Michael P.
Author(s): Garcia, Michael O.
Author(s): Camp, Victor E.
Author(s): Grunder, Anita L.
Affiliation: U. S. Geological Survey, Hawaiian Volcano Observatory, Hawaii Volcanoes National Park, HI, United States
Affiliation: U. S. Geological Survey, Cascades Volcano Observatory, Vancouver, WA, United States
Pages: 351-373
Published: 20190207
Text Language: English
Publisher: Geological Society of America (GSA), Boulder, CO, United States
ISBN: 9780813795386
References: 61
Accession Number: 2020-016572
Categories: Environmental geologyQuaternary geology
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. 2 tables, sketch maps
N19°19'60" - N19°30'00", W155°15'00" - W155°00'00"
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2020, American Geosciences Institute.
Update Code: 2020
Program Name: USGSOPNon-USGS publications with USGS authors
Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal