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A comparative study of inline and broadside time-domain controlled-source electromagnetic methods for mapping resistive targets on land

Li Hai, Di Qingyun and Xue Guoqiang
A comparative study of inline and broadside time-domain controlled-source electromagnetic methods for mapping resistive targets on land
Geophysics (July 2019) 84 (4): B235-B246

Abstract

The land-based controlled-source electromagnetic (CSEM) method is an important tool in mapping subsurface resistivity contrast, especially for conductive target embedded in a resistive environment. For resistive targets on land, choosing an appropriate configuration to a specific field observation is quite confusing, due to the lack of systematic comparisons of different methods. We have conducted a comparison between the broadside and inline time-domain CSEM methods, using the short-offset transient electromagnetic (SOTEM) method and multitransient electromagnetic (MTEM) method as representatives respectively. We first compared the resolution of these methods by analyzing the relative target response and the misfit space of the designed models. We found that the inline MTEM method had advantages over the SOTEM method in resolving the thin resistive layer. We have developed a weighted joint inversion scheme to enhance the vertical resolution of the MTEM method. We then applied the methods to the investigation of a giant molybdenum deposit. The orebody, which is the real target of the exploration, does not have a conductivity contrast with its host. However, it sits on top of the granite porphyry, which is resistive compared with its surroundings, and so the granite porphyry becomes the resistive target for EM exploration. The results indicated that both methods are effective in locating large resistive target, yet the MTEM method outperforms the SOTEM method when a thick conductive overburden is presented.


ISSN: 0016-8033
EISSN: 1942-2156
Coden: GPYSA7
Serial Title: Geophysics
Serial Volume: 84
Serial Issue: 4
Title: A comparative study of inline and broadside time-domain controlled-source electromagnetic methods for mapping resistive targets on land
Affiliation: Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Beijing, China
Pages: B235-B246
Published: 201907
Text Language: English
Publisher: Society of Exploration Geophysicists, Tulsa, OK, United States
References: 38
Accession Number: 2020-013210
Categories: Applied geophysicsEconomic geology, geology of ore deposits
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. 4 tables, sketch maps
N40°46'60" - N40°50'27", E113°50'04" - E113°57'45"
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2020, American Geosciences Institute.
Update Code: 2020
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