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Evolution of the Yangtze River network, southeastern Tibet; insights from thermochronology and sedimentology

Loraine Gourbet, Yang Rong, Maria Giuditta Fellin, Jean-Louis Paquette, Sean D. Willett, Gong Junfeng and Colin Maden
Evolution of the Yangtze River network, southeastern Tibet; insights from thermochronology and sedimentology
Lithosphere (December 2019) 12 (1): 3-18

Abstract

We performed apatite and zircon (U-Th)/He dating on a granitic pluton that has been offset by approximately 10 km by motion on the sinistral strike-slip Xiangcheng fault in SW Sichuan, SE Tibetan plateau, where the Shuoqu River incises a deep valley before joining the upper Yangtze River. Mean ZHe cooling ages range from 49.5 + or - 2.2 Ma to 68.6 + or - 6.0 Ma. Samples located above 3870 m yield mean apatite (U-Th)/He ages ranging from 30.6 + or - 1.4 Ma to 40.6 + or - 2.7 Ma, whereas samples at lower elevations range from 9.8 + or - 1.3 Ma to 14.6 + or - 2.7 Ma. In the same region, Cenozoic continental sediments are exposed on the flanks of deep valleys. They consist of unsorted conglomerates and sandstones that partly fill a paleotopography. The sediments were deposited during an episode of rapid sedimentation, followed by incision that varies between 0.5 and 1.2 km. Thermal and exhumational modeling of the granite thermochronometric data indicates rapid cooling during the middle Miocene that was likely related to fluvial incision. Our findings suggest that the upper Yangtze River and its tributary (Shuoqu) were connected by the middle Miocene. Our modeling also supports the idea that the exhumation pattern during the Cenozoic in the southeastern margin of the Tibetan Plateau is spatially and temporally heterogeneous.


ISSN: 1941-8264
EISSN: 1947-4253
Serial Title: Lithosphere
Serial Volume: 12
Serial Issue: 1
Title: Evolution of the Yangtze River network, southeastern Tibet; insights from thermochronology and sedimentology
Affiliation: Eidgenossische Technische Hochschule Zurich, Department of Earth Sciences, Zurich, Switzerland
Pages: 3-18
Published: 20191212
Text Language: English
Publisher: Geological Society of America, Boulder, CO, United States
References: 92
Accession Number: 2020-006847
Categories: Structural geologyGeomorphology
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. 2 tables, geol. sketch maps
N25°40'00" - N30°00'00", E97°40'00" - E100°19'60"
N28°30'00" - N29°15'00", E99°34'60" - E100°10'00"
Secondary Affiliation: Zhejiang University, School of Earth Sciences, Hangzhou, CHN, ChinaUniversite Clermont Auvergne, Laboratoire Magmas et Volcans, FRA, France
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2020, American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from GeoScienceWorld, Alexandria, VA, United States. Reference includes data supplied by the Geological Society of America, Boulder, CO, United States
Update Code: 202006
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