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Reservoir modelling notional CO (super 2) injection into the Precipice Sandstone and Evergreen Formation in the Surat Basin, Australia

Andrew D. La Croix, Ahmed Harfoush, Iain Rodger, Sebastian Gonzalez, Jim R. Undershultz, Phil Hayes and Andrew Garnett
Reservoir modelling notional CO (super 2) injection into the Precipice Sandstone and Evergreen Formation in the Surat Basin, Australia
Petroleum Geoscience (October 2019) 26 (1): 127-140

Abstract

The Lower Jurassic Precipice Sandstone and Evergreen Formation are an important prospective reservoir-seal pair for CO (super 2) storage in the Surat Basin, Australia. However, there is little seismic and well data to constrain reservoir modelling in the best notional injection area. To test the likely storage performance, three contrasting sector-scale static reservoir models were built to capture the range of geological uncertainty in facies distribution and reservoir properties. These considered sectors of the Surat Basin with different paleogeographic arrangements. The models were focused on capturing detail at the interface between the top of the Precipice Sandstone (Blocky Sandstone Reservoir; BSR) and the overlying basal portions of the Evergreen Formation (Transition Zone; TZ) a critical area for understanding CO (super 2) injection. Object modelling was used for the BSR and lower TZ. Stochastic modelling was implemented for the upper TZ and the Ultimate Seal because these zones were less sensitive to facies distributions. Porosity was modelled stochastically, and permeability calculated using porosity-permeability transformation functions. Dynamic simulation showed that TZ has the capacity to arrest CO (super 2) flow out of the BSR given appropriate CO (super 2) injection conditions. This study shows a method of capturing uncertainty in geological heterogeneity when data are sparse or absent. The promising initial modelling results of CO (super 2) injection into the Surat Basin suggests that it presents a real option for carbon storage at a climate mitigation scale. Further investigation should focus on assessing other major risks associated with carbon storage such as fault-seals, reactive fluid transport, and the impact of legacy wells.


ISSN: 1354-0793
Serial Title: Petroleum Geoscience
Serial Volume: 26
Serial Issue: 1
Title: Reservoir modelling notional CO (super 2) injection into the Precipice Sandstone and Evergreen Formation in the Surat Basin, Australia
Affiliation: University of Queensland, Energy Initiative, Brisbane, Queensl., Australia
Pages: 127-140
Published: 20191028
Text Language: English
Publisher: Geological Society Publishing House for EAGE (European Association of Geoscientists & Engineers), London, United Kingdom
References: 88
Accession Number: 2020-006790
Categories: Sedimentary petrology
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. sect., strat. col., 7 tables, geol. sketch maps
S27°40'00" - S27°40'00", E149°55'00" - E149°55'00"
Secondary Affiliation: University of Queensland, Centre for Coal Seam Gas, AUS, Australia
Country of Publication: United Kingdom
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2020, American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from GeoScienceWorld, Alexandria, VA, United States. Reference includes data from The Geological Society, London, London, United Kingdom
Update Code: 202006
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