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Investigation of permeability change in ultradeep coal seams using time-lapse pressure transient analysis; a pilot project in the Cooper Basin, Australia

Alireza Salmachi, Erik Dunlop, Mojtaba Rajabi, Zahra Yarmohammadtooski and Steve Begg
Investigation of permeability change in ultradeep coal seams using time-lapse pressure transient analysis; a pilot project in the Cooper Basin, Australia
AAPG Bulletin (January 2019) 103 (1): 91-107

Abstract

Very limited literature is available relating to gas production from ultradeep (>9000 ft [>2700 m]) coal seams. This paper investigates permeability enhancement in ultradeep coal seams of the late Carboniferous and early Permian to Late Triassic Cooper Basin in central Australia, using a time-lapse pressure transient analysis (PTA) approach for a pilot well. The gas production history and three extended shut-in periods are used to construct the time-lapse PTA for the study well. A new approach is introduced to construct a permeability ratio function. This function allows the calculation of permeability change resulting from competition between the compaction and coal-matrix shrinkage effects. Pressure transient analysis indicates that gas flow is dominated by a bilinear flow regime in all extended pressure buildup tests. Hence, reservoir depletion is restricted to the stimulated area near the hydraulic fracture. This implies that well-completion practices that create a large contact area with reservoirs, such as multistage hydraulically fractured horizontal wells, may be required for achieving economic success in these extremely low-permeability reservoirs. The permeability ratio is constructed using the slope of the straight lines in bilinear flow analysis. Because of uncertainty in average reservoir pressure, probabilistic analysis is used and a Monte Carlo simulation is performed to generate a set of possible permeability ratio values. The permeability ratio values indicate that coal permeability has increased during the production life of the wellbore because of the coal-matrix shrinkage effect. Permeability enhancement in this ultradeep coal reservoir has offset the effect of permeability reduction caused by compaction, which is beneficial to gas production.


ISSN: 0149-1423
EISSN: 1558-9153
Coden: AABUD2
Serial Title: AAPG Bulletin
Serial Volume: 103
Serial Issue: 1
Title: Investigation of permeability change in ultradeep coal seams using time-lapse pressure transient analysis; a pilot project in the Cooper Basin, Australia
Affiliation: University of Adelaide, Australian School of Petroleum, Adelaide, South Aust., Australia
Pages: 91-107
Published: 201901
Text Language: English
Publisher: American Association of Petroleum Geologists, Tulsa, OK, United States
References: 47
Accession Number: 2019-014573
Categories: Economic geology, geology of energy sources
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. chart, 5 tables, geol. sketch map
S30°00'00" - S22°00'00", E137°00'00" - E143°00'00"
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2019, American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from GeoScienceWorld, Alexandria, VA, United States. Reference includes data supplied by American Association of Petroleum Geologists, Tulsa, OK, United States
Update Code: 201910
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