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Erosion rates and patterns in a transient landscape, Grand Staircase, southern Utah, USA

Kerry E. Riley, Tammy M. Rittenour, Joel L. Pederson and Patrick Belmont
Erosion rates and patterns in a transient landscape, Grand Staircase, southern Utah, USA
Geology (Boulder) (June 2019) 47 (9): 811-814

Abstract

Cosmogenic (super 10) Be concentrations in alluvial sediment are widely used to infer long-term, catchment-averaged erosion rates based on the assumption that the landscape is in mass-flux steady state. However, many landscapes are out of equilibrium over millennial time scales due to tectonic and climatic forcing. The Grand Staircase of the Colorado Plateau (North America) is a transient landscape, adjusting to base-level fall from the carving of the Grand Canyon, and is characterized by cliff-bench topography caused by differential erosion of lithologic units. The (super 10) Be concentrations from 52 alluvial and colluvial samples, collected in nested fashion from five catchments, produced inferred erosion rates ranging from 20 to >3500 m/m.y. (or mm/k.y.). We attribute this high variance in part to lithologic-controlled steepness and hotspots of erosion related to cliff retreat along the White Cliffs (escarpment near Mt. Carmel Junction, Utah), as well as headward drainage expansion along the uppermost Pink Cliffs (escarpment within Bryce Canyon National Park). Results from the downslope Vermillion Cliffs (near Kanab) indicate lower erosion rates despite similar slope and rock types, suggesting knick-zone migration has passed that lower region of our study area. The (super 10) Be concentrations measured along trunk streams systematically match local, subcatchment erosion rates, with muted influence from upstream sediment sources. This is consistent with intermittent sediment conveyance between cliff and bench terrain, with sediment storage and localized release associated with ephemeral arroyo systems in the region. Therefore, while detrital cosmogenic nuclide records in transient landscapes may not directly reflect upstream catchment-averaged erosion rates, (super 10) Be inventories can provide insight into unsteady upslope-directed erosion and downslope-directed sediment conveyance in these dynamic landscapes.


ISSN: 0091-7613
EISSN: 1943-2682
Coden: GLGYBA
Serial Title: Geology (Boulder)
Serial Volume: 47
Serial Issue: 9
Title: Erosion rates and patterns in a transient landscape, Grand Staircase, southern Utah, USA
Affiliation: Utah State University, Department of Geosciences, Logan, UT, United States
Pages: 811-814
Published: 20190619
Text Language: English
Publisher: Geological Society of America (GSA), Boulder, CO, United States
References: 26
Accession Number: 2019-065541
Categories: Geomorphology
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Annotation: GSA Data Repository item 2019293
Illustration Description: illus. incl. geol. sketch map
N37°00'00" - N38°00'00", W113°00'00" - W111°30'00"
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2019, American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from GeoScienceWorld, Alexandria, VA, United States. Reference includes data supplied by the Geological Society of America, Boulder, CO, United States
Update Code: 201934
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