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Full plate modelling in pre-Jurassic time

Mathew Domeier and Trond H. Torsvik
Full plate modelling in pre-Jurassic time (in Advances in paleogeography, G. Meinhold (prefacer))
Geological Magazine (February 2019) 156 (2): 261-280


A half-century has passed since the dawning of the plate tectonic revolution, and yet, with rare exception, palaeogeographic models of pre-Jurassic time are still constructed in a way more akin to Wegener's paradigm of continental drift. Historically, this was due to a series of problems - the near-complete absence of in situ oceanic lithosphere older than 200 Ma, a fragmentary history of the latitudinal drift of continents, unconstrained longitudes, unsettled geodynamic concepts and a lack of efficient plate modelling tools - which together precluded the construction of plate tectonic models. But over the course of the last five decades strategies have been developed to overcome these problems, and the first plate model for pre-Jurassic time was presented in 2002. Following on that pioneering work, but with a number of significant improvements (most notably longitude control), we here provide a recipe for the construction of full-plate models (including oceanic lithosphere) for pre-Jurassic time. In brief, our workflow begins with the erection of a traditional (or "Wegenerian") continental rotation model, but then employs basic plate tectonic principles and continental geology to enable reconstruction of former plate boundaries, and thus the resurrection of lost oceanic lithosphere. Full-plate models can yield a range of testable predictions that can be used to critically evaluate them, but also novel information regarding long-term processes that we have few (or no) alternative means of investigating, thus providing exceptionally fertile ground for new exploration and discovery.

ISSN: 0016-7568
EISSN: 1469-5081
Coden: GEMGA4
Serial Title: Geological Magazine
Serial Volume: 156
Serial Issue: 2
Title: Full plate modelling in pre-Jurassic time
Title: Advances in paleogeography
Author(s): Domeier, MathewTorsvik, Trond H.
Author(s): Meinhold, G.prefacer
Affiliation: University of Oslo, Centre for Earth Evolution and Dynamics, Oslo, Norway
Affiliation: Keele University, Keele, United Kingdom
Pages: 261-280
Published: 201902
Text Language: English
Publisher: Cambridge University Press, London, United Kingdom
References: 164
Accession Number: 2019-021269
Categories: Solid-earth geophysicsStratigraphy
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus.
S60°00'00" - N75°00'00", W80°00'00" - E20°00'00"
Secondary Affiliation: German Research Centre for Geosciences,, DEU, Germany
Country of Publication: United Kingdom
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2019, American Geosciences Institute. Abstract, Copyright, Cambridge University Press. Reference includes data from GeoScienceWorld, Alexandria, VA, United States
Update Code: 2019
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