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Two-parameter prestack seismic inversion of porosity and pore structure parameter of fractured carbonate reservoirs; Part 1, Methods

Tingting Zhang and Yuefeng Sun
Two-parameter prestack seismic inversion of porosity and pore structure parameter of fractured carbonate reservoirs; Part 1, Methods
Interpretation (Tulsa) (November 2018) 6 (4): SM1-SM8

Abstract

Fractured zones in deeply buried carbonate hills are important because they often have better permeability resulting in prolific production than similar low-porosity rocks. Nevertheless, their detection poses great challenge to conventional seismic inversion methods because they are mostly low in acoustic impedance and bulk modulus, hardly distinguishable from high-porosity zones or mudstones. A proxy parameter of pore structure defined in a rock-physics model, the so-called Sun model, has been used for delineating fractured zones in which the pore structure parameter is relatively high, whereas the porosity is low in general. Simultaneous seismic inversion of the pore structure parameter and porosity proves to be difficult and nontrivial in practice. Although the pore structure parameter is well-defined at locations where density, P-, and S-velocity are known from logs, estimation of P- and S-velocity information, especially density information from prestack seismic data is rather challenging. A three-step iterative inversion method, which uses acoustic, gradient, and elastic impedance from angle-stacked seismic data as input to the rock-physics model for calculating porosity and bulk and shear pore structure parameters simultaneously, is proposed and implemented to solve this problem. The methodology is successfully tested with well logs and seismic data from a deeply buried carbonate hill in the Bohai Bay Basin, China.


ISSN: 2324-8858
EISSN: 2324-8866
Serial Title: Interpretation (Tulsa)
Serial Volume: 6
Serial Issue: 4
Title: Two-parameter prestack seismic inversion of porosity and pore structure parameter of fractured carbonate reservoirs; Part 1, Methods
Affiliation: Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, United States
Pages: SM1-SM8
Published: 201811
Text Language: English
Publisher: Society of Exploration Geophysicists, Tulsa, OK, United States
References: 19
Accession Number: 2019-007367
Categories: Applied geophysicsEconomic geology, geology of energy sources
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Annotation: Special section; Foothills exploration
Illustration Description: illus.
N38°00'00" - N40°00'00", E117°00'00" - E119°00'00"
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2019, American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data supplied by Society of Exploration Geophysicists, Tulsa, OK, United States
Update Code: 2019
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