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Shallow ambient-noise 3D tomography in the Concepcion Basin, Chile; implications for low-frequency ground motions

Diego A. Inzunza, Gonzalo A. Montalva, Felipe Leyton, German Prieto and Sergio Ruiz
Shallow ambient-noise 3D tomography in the Concepcion Basin, Chile; implications for low-frequency ground motions
Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America (December 2018) Pre-Issue Publication

Abstract

Forecasting surface seismic intensities is the main objective of much of the research in seismic engineering. The seismic demand for tall buildings, bridges, wind farms, and other existing slender structures is predominantly at low frequencies, but these structures are usually outside the range of the design spectra prescribed by codes. This article presents a 3D tomography model of the Concepcion basin, Chile, where the shear-wave velocity structure is estimated to 500-m depth. The maximum basin thickness is approximately 160 m, but the average is about 100 m. The underlying bedrock is composed of two different units. The interface between the two bedrock units, at a depth of about 460 m, causes a low-frequency resonance at 0.5 Hz. The two bedrock units have shear-wave velocities close to 1000 and 3700 m/s, respectively. The resonance in the neighborhood of 0.5 Hz is controlled by the thickness and VS value of the first bedrock unit from roughly 100 to 460 m. This frequency coincides with the surface intensities recorded at the basin during the 2010 M (sub w) 8.8 Maule earthquake. Shear-wave velocity (VS) tomography models from dispersion curves show heterogeneities in half-space stiffness that predict the observed differences in low-frequency (long-period) ground motions.


ISSN: 0037-1106
EISSN: 1943-3573
Coden: BSSAAP
Serial Title: Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America
Serial Volume: Pre-Issue Publication
Title: Shallow ambient-noise 3D tomography in the Concepcion Basin, Chile; implications for low-frequency ground motions
Affiliation: Universidad de Concepcion, Departamento de Ingenieria Civil, Chile
Published: 20181211
Text Language: English
Publisher: Seismological Society of America, Berkeley, CA, United States
References: 49
Accession Number: 2019-007021
Categories: Seismology
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. 2 tables, sketch map
S37°00'00" - S36°45'00", W73°34'60" - W73°00'00"
Secondary Affiliation: University of Chile, CHL, ChileNational University of Colombia, COL, Colombia
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2019, American Geosciences Institute. Abstract, Copyright, Seismological Society of America. Reference includes data from GeoScienceWorld, Alexandria, VA, United States
Update Code: 201906
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