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What is seismic sedimentology? A tutorial

Hongliu Zeng
What is seismic sedimentology? A tutorial
Interpretation (Tulsa) (May 2018) 6 (2): SD1-SD12


I have developed an alternative narrative of seismic sedimentology from a geologist's perspective. Seismic sedimentology is a high-resolution supplement for traditional, low-resolution seismic stratigraphy, reflecting the fact that seismic responds to sedimentary bodies differently at low and high resolution. Seismic stratigraphy is a model-driven method that follows the principles of field geology and the well-based study of subsurface sedimentology, and it assumes that seismic reflections can duplicate geologic correlations. Seismic sedimentology is a more data-driven approach based on the understanding of how a seismic signal responds to thin-bedded depositional elements in the context of stratigraphy, which is a function of thickness, lithology-impedance model, wavelet phase, and frequency. Seismic sedimentology is focused on mapping seismic litho-geomorphologic facies, by joint investigation of seismic lithology and seismic geomorphology. In such an investigation, seismic lithology and seismic geomorphology are complementary, making more complete use of seismic information, and they can be more powerful in determining the sedimentary environment and reservoir quality. To reduce the knowledge gap between sedimentary geologists and seismic geophysicists, sedimentologists have to learn and master geophysical principles and techniques. To begin with, a simplified four-step workflow is recommended, which can be summarized as select-adjust-decompose-blend.

ISSN: 2324-8858
EISSN: 2324-8866
Serial Title: Interpretation (Tulsa)
Serial Volume: 6
Serial Issue: 2
Title: What is seismic sedimentology? A tutorial
Author(s): Zeng, Hongliu
Affiliation: University of Texas at Austin, Bureau of Economic Geology, Jackson School of Geosciences, Austin, TX, United States
Pages: SD1-SD12
Published: 201805
Text Language: English
Publisher: Society of Exploration Geophysicists, Tulsa, OK, United States
References: 46
Accession Number: 2019-006789
Categories: Applied geophysicsEconomic geology, geology of energy sources
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. sects., 1 table, geol. sketch maps
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2019, American Geosciences Institute.
Update Code: 201906
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