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Redox-induced nucleation and growth of goethite on synthetic hematite nanoparticles

Jeanette L. Voelz, William A. Arnold and R. Lee Penn
Redox-induced nucleation and growth of goethite on synthetic hematite nanoparticles
American Mineralogist (July 2018) 103 (7): 1021-1029


The iron (oxyhydr)oxides hematite (alpha -Fe (sub 2) O (sub 3) ) and goethite (alpha -FeOOH) are natural and reactive minerals common in soils and sediments, and their adsorption of Fe(II) produces reactive surface sites that facilitate reduction of oxidized environmental pollutants. Single-exposure experiments with 4-chloronitrobenzene showed that hematite is more reactive than goethite, when normalized by surface area loading. Interestingly, the product of Fe(II) oxidation is a mixture of goethite and hematite, and the goethite to hematite ratio depends on the distribution of Fe(II) activated surface sites, which is a function of aqueous Fe(II) concentration, surface area loading, and pH. More goethite is produced under conditions of higher Fe(II), lower surface area loading, and higher pH. Recurrent-exposure experiments showed a substantial decrease in reaction rate after one to three exposures, a trend suggestive of reaction contributions from the increasing goethite surface area over time. Using known atomic surface geometry for goethite and hematite, the hematite {012} facet is proposed as the site of primary mineral growth with goethite {021} at the interface between the two minerals. These results have implications in contaminant fate modeling, where the mineral phases present in the environment, the minerals likely to form, and the surrounding aqueous conditions all have an impact on contaminant reaction rate.

ISSN: 0003-004X
EISSN: 1945-3027
Serial Title: American Mineralogist
Serial Volume: 103
Serial Issue: 7
Title: Redox-induced nucleation and growth of goethite on synthetic hematite nanoparticles
Affiliation: University of Minnesota, Department of Chemistry, Minneapolis, MN, United States
Pages: 1021-1029
Published: 201807
Text Language: English
Publisher: Mineralogical Society of America, Washington, DC, United States
References: 43
Accession Number: 2018-083820
Categories: Mineralogy of non-silicates
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. 2 tables
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2018, American Geosciences Institute. Abstract, copyright, Mineralogical Society of America. Reference includes data from GeoScienceWorld, Alexandria, VA, United States
Update Code: 201821
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