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The impact of a buried high-velocity layer in the seismic site amplification of the city of Llolleo, Chile

Miguel Saez, Cesar Pasten, Sergio Ruiz and Jose Salomon
The impact of a buried high-velocity layer in the seismic site amplification of the city of Llolleo, Chile
Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America (August 2018) 108 (4): 2199-2208

Abstract

We studied the influence of a buried high-velocity layer (HVL) on the surface ground amplification of the city of Llolleo, Chile, where large peak ground accelerations were observed during the 1985 Mw 8.0 Valparaiso and the 2010 Mw 8.8 Maule earthquakes. This study compares the theoretical and empirical surface response of a borehole seismic array located over a 60-m depth soil deposit consisting of sandy and clayey soil layers with shear-wave velocities (VS) ranging from 200 to 720 m/s down to the bedrock and a 5-m-thick gravelly HVL at 21-m depth. The seismic array is composed of accelerometers at the surface, the middle, and the bottom of the soil deposit, which allowed us to estimate the 1D empirical transfer function by computing spectral ratios from 16 earthquakes with magnitudes 4.2<Mw<6.0. The empirical spectral ratios between the surface and the bedrock show a complex seismic behavior characterized by four resonance frequencies with similar amplitudes between 2 and 10 Hz. We compared the empirical results with standard theoretical and experimental methods used in site characterization and found that the presence of the HVL in the city of Llolleo introduces complexities in the seismic behavior of the site that cannot be captured by individual standard methods.


ISSN: 0037-1106
EISSN: 1943-3573
Coden: BSSAAP
Serial Title: Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America
Serial Volume: 108
Serial Issue: 4
Title: The impact of a buried high-velocity layer in the seismic site amplification of the city of Llolleo, Chile
Affiliation: University of Chile, Department of Geophysics, Santiago, Chile
Pages: 2199-2208
Published: 201808
Text Language: English
Publisher: Seismological Society of America, Berkeley, CA, United States
References: 43
Accession Number: 2018-081749
Categories: Seismology
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. 1 table, sketch maps
S37°00'00" - S32°00'00", W74°00'00" - W70°00'00"
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2018, American Geosciences Institute. Abstract, Copyright, Seismological Society of America. Reference includes data from GeoScienceWorld, Alexandria, VA, United States
Update Code: 2018
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