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Catching "butterflies" in the morning; new methodology for rapid detection of aerially deployed plastic land mines from UAVs

Timothy S. De Smet and Alex Nikulin
Catching "butterflies" in the morning; new methodology for rapid detection of aerially deployed plastic land mines from UAVs
Leading Edge (Tulsa, OK) (May 2018) 37 (5): 367-371

Abstract

It is estimated that there are at least 100 million military munitions and explosives of concern (MEC) devices in the world of various size, shape, and composition. Millions of these are surface plastic land mines with low-pressure detonation regimes, such as the mass-produced Soviet PFM-1. These aerially deployed land mines are concentrated primarily in post-conflict developing countries such as Afghanistan and represent a continued humanitarian threat, while also thwarting economic and social development in impacted regions. Identification of this particular type of MEC category poses a significant geophysical challenge, as these mines contain almost no metal (nonferrous aluminum). As a result, standard MEC detection and remediation methodologies based on geophysical principles of magnetometry and electromagnetic induction prove largely ineffective and possibly dangerous. Low-cost unmanned aerial vehicles can rapidly collect large remotely sensed data sets with no risk to MEC technicians. We present results of an experiment focused on remotely assessing thermal signatures of plastic land mines relative to background geology to show that this type of analysis permits rapid detection of randomly dispersed plastic MECs with a high degree of accuracy and low associated costs.


ISSN: 1070-485X
EISSN: 1938-3789
Serial Title: Leading Edge (Tulsa, OK)
Serial Volume: 37
Serial Issue: 5
Title: Catching "butterflies" in the morning; new methodology for rapid detection of aerially deployed plastic land mines from UAVs
Affiliation: Binghamton University, Department of Geological Sciences and Environmental Studies, Binghamton, NY, United States
Pages: 367-371
Published: 20180501
Text Language: English
Publisher: Society of Exploration Geophysicists, Tulsa, OK, United States
References: 19
Accession Number: 2018-077570
Categories: Applied geophysics
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus.
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2018, American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from GeoScienceWorld, Alexandria, VA, United States. Reference includes data supplied by Society of Exploration Geophysicists, Tulsa, OK, United States
Update Code: 2018
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