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Assessment of O and Fe isotope heterogeneity in garnet from Kakanui (New Zealand) and Erongo (Namibia)

Maja Urosevic, Oliver Nebel, Jose Alberto Padron-Navarta and Daniela Rubatto
Assessment of O and Fe isotope heterogeneity in garnet from Kakanui (New Zealand) and Erongo (Namibia)
European Journal of Mineralogy (May 2018) 30 (4): 695-710


Oxygen and iron isotope variations have been investigated in three compositionally distinct garnet samples to assess natural variations and search for suitable reference material. We report in situ major, trace element and O isotope analyses for mantle-derived garnet xenocrysts from Kakanui, New Zealand, as well as magmatic and hydrothermal garnets (skarn) from two different localities in Erongo, Namibia. The in situ analyses are complemented by bulk mineral separate Fe isotope analyses for all samples and CO (sub 2) laser fluorination oxygen isotope analysis for Kakanui garnet. Mantle-derived pyrope-rich garnet megacrysts from Kakanui are chemically homogeneous in major and trace elements, and in O isotopes, (delta (super 18) O (sub VSMOW) = 5.67 + or - 0.02 ppm). Magmatic garnet from Erongo, Namibia, is rich in Mn and Fe (super 2+) and very poor in Ca showing minor variations along the almandine-spessartine join [(Fe,Mn) (sub 3) Al (sub 2) Si (sub 3) O (sub 12) ]. Although rare earth elements vary over one order of magnitude, no resolvable O isotope zoning is observed (delta (super 18) O = 9.3 + or - 0.3 ppm, 1sigma ). Hydrothermal garnet from Namibia is rich in Ca and Fe (super 3+) and shows strong zonation along the andradite-grossular join [Ca (sub 3) (Fe (super 3+) ,Al) (sub 2) Si (sub 3) O (sub 12) ] with a considerable spread in trace-element contents, accompanied by a limited, but resolvable, spread in O isotopes values between cores (8.3 + or - 0.3 ppm, 1sigma ) and rims (7.4 + or - 0.3 ppm, 1sigma ). Iron isotopes (expressed as delta (super 57) Fe (sub IRMM-014) ) within bulk garnet separates are heterogeneous in both crustal garnet from Erongo with a large spread ranging from -0.15 to +0.30 ppm in igneous garnet and from +0.4 to +1.1 ppm in hydrothermal garnet. Igneous garnet from Kakanui are homogeneous with an average delta (super 57) Fe (sub IRMM-014) of +0.09 + or - 0.01, 1sigma . The Fe (super 3+) -dominated andradite shows very heavy Fe isotopes, suggesting a link between preferential ferric iron incorporation into garnet and Fe isotope signatures. Combined O and Fe isotope analyses in garnet can provide potentially important insights into the nature of parental medium from which the garnet forms (based on O isotopes) and associated petrogenetic processes (e.g., redox conditions based on Fe isotopes), though more systematic studies are required to further assess these proxies in natural systems. Finally, we propose that Kakanui garnet might represent a suitable reference material for both, O and Fe isotope analyses.

ISSN: 0935-1221
EISSN: 1617-4011
Serial Title: European Journal of Mineralogy
Serial Volume: 30
Serial Issue: 4
Title: Assessment of O and Fe isotope heterogeneity in garnet from Kakanui (New Zealand) and Erongo (Namibia)
Affiliation: Australian National University, Research School of Earth Sciences, Acton, A.C.T., Australia
Pages: 695-710
Published: 20180531
Text Language: English
Publisher: Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung (Naegele u. Obermiller), Stuttgart, Germany
References: 80
Accession Number: 2018-064815
Categories: Isotope geochemistryMineralogy of silicates
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. 5 tables
S45°19'60" - S45°00'00", E170°15'00" - E170°45'00"
S29°00'00" - S16°40'00", E11°30'00" - E25°15'00"
Secondary Affiliation: Monash University, AUS, Australia
Country of Publication: Germany
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2018, American Geosciences Institute. Abstract, copyright, Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung. Reference includes data from GeoScienceWorld, Alexandria, VA, United States
Update Code: 201835
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