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German petroleum geologists and World War II

Martina Koelbl-Ebert
German petroleum geologists and World War II (in History of the European oil and gas industry, J. Craig (editor), F. Gerali (editor), F. MacAulay (editor) and R. Sorkhabi (editor))
Special Publication - Geological Society of London (April 2018) 465 (1): 391-407


In the 1930s, Alfred Bentz, August Moos and Karl Krejci-Graf were among the most noteworthy petroleum geologists in Germany. Being scientific modernists, they systematized the search for oil, introducing modern exploration methods. All three, at some stage, worked for the German state on providing the petroleum needed by the German military during World War II. The three colleagues seem to have had an amicable relationship. They were, however, very different. Bentz was not a member of the National Socialist party but obviously lent his expertise to the regime; as did Krejci-Graf, who, although also was not a party member, was a member of the SS, whereas Moos, due to his Jewish background, was murdered in January 1945 in the concentration camp of Buchenwald. This paper endeavours to sketch the lives of the three colleagues, highlighting their relationship and the interconnectedness of contemporary moral issues with professional and scientific demands.

ISSN: 0305-8719
Serial Title: Special Publication - Geological Society of London
Serial Volume: 465
Serial Issue: 1
Title: German petroleum geologists and World War II
Title: History of the European oil and gas industry
Author(s): Koelbl-Ebert, Martina
Author(s): Craig, J.editor
Author(s): Gerali, F.editor
Author(s): MacAulay, F.editor
Author(s): Sorkhabi, R.editor
Affiliation: Jura-Museum Eichstaett, Eichstatt, Germany
Pages: 391-407
Published: 20180411
Text Language: English
Publisher: Geological Society of London, London, United Kingdom
References: 39
Accession Number: 2018-037326
Categories: Economic geology, geology of energy sources
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. portrs.
N41°00'00" - N44°00'00", E40°00'00" - E48°00'00"
N47°15'00" - N55°00'00", E05°49'60" - E15°00'00"
Source Note: Online First
Country of Publication: United Kingdom
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2019, American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from The Geological Society, London, London, United Kingdom
Update Code: 201820
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