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On the trail of Otto Hermann Wilhelm Abich; a journey through the Italian volcanoes

Marco Pantaloni, Fabiana Console and Fabio Massimo Petti
On the trail of Otto Hermann Wilhelm Abich; a journey through the Italian volcanoes
Italian Journal of Geosciences (February 2018) 137 (1): 106-127


In the 19th century, Italy represented an essential step for scientists aimed to study its most typical and significant geological sites. The result was the publication of a great number of papers dealing with the geological features of Italy in all the European languages. Among them, the German geologist Otto Hermann Wilhelm Abich was undoubtedly one the most important researchers that worked in Italy between 1833 and 1839, and devoted his research activity on the study of active and extinct volcanoes. Abich carried out several topographical surveys, mineralogical and petrographical analyses, and published several scientific papers, describing the structure, activity and history of Etna, Vesuvius and the other volcanoes in Southern Italy. In 1840, Abich moved to Dorpat, in Estonia, becoming the most important geologist of that region. Nevertheless, he never forgot the time spent in Italy that he visited again in 1856-57. This latter period pushed him to process the new collected data and those saved from the fire that destroyed his St. Petersburg office in 1863. The analysis of papers, private correspondence, and some original watercolours found in the Archive of the Geological Survey of Italy - ISPRA, has emphasized his admiration for Italian geological features and landscapes.

ISSN: 2038-1719
EISSN: 2038-1727
Serial Title: Italian Journal of Geosciences
Serial Volume: 137
Serial Issue: 1
Title: On the trail of Otto Hermann Wilhelm Abich; a journey through the Italian volcanoes
Affiliation: Istituto Superiore per la Protezione e la Ricerca Ambientale, Servizio Geologico d'Italia, Rome, Italy
Pages: 106-127
Published: 201802
Text Language: English
Publisher: Societa Geologica Italiana, Rome, Italy
References: 90
Accession Number: 2018-033703
Categories: Quaternary geology
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. portr.
N40°49'00" - N40°49'00", E14°25'60" - E14°25'60"
Secondary Affiliation: Museo delle Scienze di Trento, ITA, Italy
Country of Publication: Italy
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2018, American Geosciences Institute. Abstract, Copyright, Societa Geologica Italiana. Reference includes data from GeoScienceWorld, Alexandria, VA, United States
Update Code: 201808
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