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Global trends in metal consumption and supply; the raw material-energy nexus

Olivier Vidal, Fatma Rostom, Cyril Francois and Gael Giraud
Global trends in metal consumption and supply; the raw material-energy nexus (in Mineral resources and sustainability, Georges Calas (editor))
Elements (October 2017) 13 (5): 319-324


The consumption of mineral resources and energy has increased exponentially over the last 100 years. Further growth is expected until at least the middle of the 21 (super st) century as the demand for minerals is stimulated by the industrialization of poor countries, increasing urbanization, penetration of rapidly evolving high technologies, and the transition to low-carbon energies. In order to meet this demand, more metals will have to be produced by 2050 than over the last 100 years, which raises questions about the sustainability and conditions of supply. The answers to these questions are not only a matter of available reserves. Major effort will be required to develop new approaches and dynamic models to address social, economic, environmental, geological, technological, legal and geopolitical impacts of the need for resources.

ISSN: 1811-5209
Serial Title: Elements
Serial Volume: 13
Serial Issue: 5
Title: Global trends in metal consumption and supply; the raw material-energy nexus
Title: Mineral resources and sustainability
Author(s): Vidal, OlivierRostom, FatmaFrancois, CyrilGiraud, Gael
Author(s): Calas, Georgeseditor
Affiliation: University Grenoble Alpes, Institut des Sciences de la Terre, Grenoble, France
Affiliation: Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, Institut de Mineralogie, Physique des Materiaux et Cosmochimie, Paris, France
Pages: 319-324
Published: 201710
Text Language: English
Publisher: Mineralogical Society of America and Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland and Mineralogical Association of Canada and Geochemical Society and Clay Minerals Society, International
References: 30
Accession Number: 2018-024497
Categories: Economic geology, economics of ore deposits
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus.
Secondary Affiliation: Universite Paris, FRA, France
Country of Publication: International
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2018, American Geosciences Institute. Abstract, copyright, Mineralogical Society of America. Reference includes data from GeoScienceWorld, Alexandria, VA, United States
Update Code: 201806
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