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Responsible sourcing of critical metals

Frances Wall, Alain Rollat and Robert S. Pell
Responsible sourcing of critical metals (in Mineral resources and sustainability, Georges Calas (editor))
Elements (October 2017) 13 (5): 313-318


Most critical raw materials, such as the rare-earth elements (REEs), are starting products in long manufacturing supply chains. Unlike most consumers, geoscientists can become involved in responsible sourcing, including best environmental and social practices, because geology is related to environmental impact factors such as energy requirements, resource efficiency, radioactivity and the amount of rock mined. The energy and material inputs and the emissions and waste from mining and processing can be quantified, and studies for REEs show little difference between 'hard rocks', such as carbonatites, and easily leachable ion-adsorption clays. The reason is the similarity in the embodied energy in the chemicals used for leaching, dissolution and separation.

ISSN: 1811-5209
Serial Title: Elements
Serial Volume: 13
Serial Issue: 5
Title: Responsible sourcing of critical metals
Title: Mineral resources and sustainability
Author(s): Wall, FrancesRollat, AlainPell, Robert S.
Author(s): Calas, Georgeseditor
Affiliation: University of Exeter, Camborne School of Mines, Penryn, United Kingdom
Affiliation: Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, Institut de Mineralogie, Physique des Materiaux et Cosmochimie, Paris, France
Pages: 313-318
Published: 201710
Text Language: English
Publisher: Mineralogical Society of America and Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland and Mineralogical Association of Canada and Geochemical Society and Clay Minerals Society, International
References: 16
Accession Number: 2018-024496
Categories: Economic geology, geology of ore deposits
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. 2 tables
N41°47'44" - N41°47'44", E109°58'09" - E109°58'09"
Country of Publication: International
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2018, American Geosciences Institute. Abstract, copyright, Mineralogical Society of America. Reference includes data from GeoScienceWorld, Alexandria, VA, United States
Update Code: 201806
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