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Properties and characterization of a clay raw material from Milicinica (Serbia) for use in the ceramic industry

Maja Milosevic and Mihovil Logar
Properties and characterization of a clay raw material from Milicinica (Serbia) for use in the ceramic industry
Clay Minerals (September 2017) 52 (3): 329-340

Abstract

The present study focused on the assessment and possible applications of the clay from the Milicinica deposit, western Serbia. X-ray diffraction (XRD), Infrared (IR) spectroscopy, Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectrometry (ICP-OES), Differential Thermal Analysis and Thermogravimetry (DTA-TG) and High Temperature Microscopy (HTM) were used to characterize the clay in question. The physical properties determined were colour, plasticity, specific surface area, particle-size distribution and cation exchange capacity (CEC). Clay minerals are the main phases in the samples studied, with illite being the predominant phase and kaolinite being present in variable amounts. Quartz, feldspars, carbonates and iron-bearing minerals were also detected. Varied technological behaviours were expected because of the mineralogy (illite and iron contents), average grain size (0.6-0.7 mu m), specific surface area ( approximately 60 m (super 2) /g) and plasticity index ( approximately 13%). The classification of the clays studied, based on the main characteristics and using appropriate diagrams, suggests that they are easily adaptable for ceramic processes.


ISSN: 0009-8558
EISSN: 1471-8030
Coden: CLMIAF
Serial Title: Clay Minerals
Serial Volume: 52
Serial Issue: 3
Title: Properties and characterization of a clay raw material from Milicinica (Serbia) for use in the ceramic industry
Affiliation: University of Belgrade, Faculty of Mining and Geology, Belgrade, Serbia
Pages: 329-340
Published: 201709
Text Language: English
Publisher: Mineralogical Society, London, United Kingdom
References: 63
Accession Number: 2018-024351
Categories: Sedimentary petrologyEconomic geology, geology of nonmetal deposits
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. 5 tables, geol. sketch map
N44°25'32" - N44°25'32", E19°42'25" - E19°42'25"
Country of Publication: United Kingdom
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2018, American Geosciences Institute. Abstract, Copyright, Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland. Reference includes data from GeoScienceWorld, Alexandria, VA, United States
Update Code: 201806
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