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HiQuake; the human-induced earthquake database

Miles P. Wilson, G. R. Foulger, J. G. Gluyas, R. J. Davies and B. R. Julian
HiQuake; the human-induced earthquake database
Seismological Research Letters (October 2017) 88 (6): 1560-1565


HiQuake-The Human-Induced Earthquake Database is the most complete database of anthropogenic projects proposed, on scientific grounds, to have induced earthquake sequences. It is freely available to download from the website given in Data and Resources At the time this article was written, HiQuake contained approximately 730 anthropogenic projects proposed to have induced earthquakes, as well as associated project-related and seismic data. The most commonly reported anthropogenic activities proposed to have induced earthquakes are mining and water reservoir impoundment. In recent years, the number of earthquake sequences proposed to have been induced by fluid-injection activities has grown. The most commonly reported maximum observed magnitude in an induced earthquake sequence is 3< or =M (sub MAX) <4. The largest earthquake in HiQuake proposed to have been induced had a magnitude of M (sub w) 7.9 and occurred in China. Such large earthquakes release mostly stress of natural tectonic origin, but are conceivably triggered by small anthropogenic stress changes. The data in HiQuake are of variable quality because they are drawn from publications that span almost a century. We estimate underreporting to be approximately 30% for M approximately 4 events, approximately 60% for M approximately 3 events, and approximately 90% for M approximately 2 events. The degree of certitude that the given earthquake sequences were anthropogenically induced is variable. HiQuake includes all earthquake sequences proposed on scientific grounds to have been human induced without regard to the strength of the case made. HiQuake is offered freely as a resource to interested parties, and judging the reliability of any particular case is the responsibility of the database user. HiQuake will be routinely updated to correct errors, update existing entries, and add new entries. It has the potential to help improve our understanding of induced earthquakes and to manage their impact on society.

ISSN: 0895-0695
EISSN: 1938-2057
Serial Title: Seismological Research Letters
Serial Volume: 88
Serial Issue: 6
Title: HiQuake; the human-induced earthquake database
Affiliation: Durham University, Department of Earth Sciences, Durham, United Kingdom
Pages: 1560-1565
Published: 20171004
Text Language: English
Publisher: Seismological Society of America, El Cerrito, CA, United States
References: 20
Accession Number: 2017-103454
Categories: Seismology
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. 2 tables, sketch map
N38°40'00" - N38°40'00", W122°55'00" - W122°55'00"
Secondary Affiliation: Newcastle University, GBR, United Kingdom
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2022, American Geosciences Institute. Abstract, Copyright, Seismological Society of America. Reference includes data from GeoScienceWorld, Alexandria, VA, United States
Update Code: 201752
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