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Spatial self-organization in carbonate depositional environments

Sam J. Purkis, Johan van de Koppel and Peter M. Burgess
Spatial self-organization in carbonate depositional environments (in Autogenic dynamics of and self-organization in sedimentary systems, David A. Budd (editor), Elizabeth A. Hajek (editor) and Sam J. Purkis (editor))
Special Publication - Society for Sedimentary Geology (2016) 106: 53-66

Abstract

Spatial self-organization, the process where coherent spatial patterns emerge through internal interactions, is widely observed in modem natural systems. Compelling examples range from ripple and dune formation in aquatic and terrestrial systems to formation of patterned coral reefs and vegetation in arid regions. Despite this wide range of contemporary cases, the concept of self-organization and its potential effects on geological patterns have not yet been widely discussed by the geological community, especially in carbonate depositional systems. We present four case studies from modern bivalve beds, coral reefs, microbial carbonates, and tidal channels, and one from the rock record considering carbonate cyclicity, where spatial self-organization could explain regularity in preserved strata. Only two of these five case studies, bivalve beds and tidal channel systems, are accompanied by a firm understanding of the mechanisms that generate emergent patterning. Three types of ecosystem spatial self-organization-scale-dependent feedback creating regular patterns, criticality behavior causing scale-free patterns, and oscillating consumer resource interactions causing consumer waves-are well documented. The first two of those appear to hold most relevance for carbonate depositional environments. Considerable work remains to understand the processes and products of spatial self-organization in carbonate deposystems.


ISSN: 1060-071X
EISSN: 2159-5755
Serial Title: Special Publication - Society for Sedimentary Geology
Serial Volume: 106
Title: Spatial self-organization in carbonate depositional environments
Title: Autogenic dynamics of and self-organization in sedimentary systems
Author(s): Purkis, Sam J.van de Koppel, JohanBurgess, Peter M.
Author(s): Budd, David A.editor
Author(s): Hajek, Elizabeth A.editor
Author(s): Purkis, Sam J.editor
Affiliation: Nova Southeastern University, National Coral Reef Institute, Dania Beach, FL, United States
Affiliation: University of Colorado, Department of Geological Sciences, Boulder, CO, United States
Pages: 53-66
Published: 2016
Text Language: English
Publisher: Society for Sedimentary Geology (SEPM), Tulsa, OK, United States
Meeting name: SEPM research conference; Autogenic dynamics of sedimentary systems
Meeting location: Grand Junction, CO, USA, United States
Meeting date: 20140803Aug. 3-6, 2014
References: 133
Accession Number: 2017-082528
Categories: Sedimentary petrology
Document Type: Serial Conference document
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. sketch map
N22°22'60" - N22°22'60", W89°40'60" - W89°40'60"
Secondary Affiliation: Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research, NLD, NetherlandsRoyal Holloway University of London, GBR, United Kingdom
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2018, American Geosciences Institute.
Update Code: 201743
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