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Single-crystal equations of state of magnesiowustite at high pressures

Gregory J. Finkelstein, Jennifer M. Jackson, Wolfgang Sturhahn, Dongzhou Zhang, E. Ercan Alp and Thomas S. Toellner
Single-crystal equations of state of magnesiowustite at high pressures
American Mineralogist (August 2017) 102 (8): 1709-1717

Abstract

Solid solutions of (Mg,Fe)O with high iron enrichment may be an important component of ultralow-velocity zones at Earth's core-mantle boundary. However, to date there have been few high-precision studies on the elastic properties of these materials. In this study we present results on the compression of (Mg (sub 0.22) Fe (sub 0.78) )O magnesiowustite in both neon and helium pressure media using single-crystal diffraction to approximately 55 GPa. In addition, our sample was characterized by time-domain synchrotron Mossbauer spectroscopy at ambient pressure using an extended time range that resulted in vastly improved energy resolution. The combination of these high-resolution techniques tightly constrains the presence of a defect-structure component at room pressure due to 4.7 mol% tetrahedrally coordinated ferric iron, resulting in a renormalized composition of (Mg (sub 0.215) Fe (sub 0.762) (sub 0.023) )O. Both high-pressure diffraction data sets are well described by a third-order Birch-Murnaghan equation of state. The best fit-parameters for a crystal with cubic structure in helium are K (sub 0T) = 148(3) GPa, K' (sub 0T) = 4.09(12), and V (sub 0) = 78.87(6) A (super 3) Increasing differential stress in the neon-containing sample chamber was correlated with increasing apparent distortion of the initially cubic unit cell, requiring a lower-symmetry hexagonal cell to fit the data above approximately 20 GPa. For fit equations of state, we determine the pressure-dependent correlation ellipses for the equation of state parameters and compare with previously published single-crystal diffraction data from (Mg,Fe)O crystals in a helium medium. We make two main observations from the data sets using a helium pressure medium: K (sub 0T) decreases as a function of increasing iron content from periclase to wustite and K' (sub 0T) is consistent with an approximately constant value of 4.0 that is independent of iron content, at least up to the iron concentration measured here. In combination with previously reported thermal parameters, we compute the density of magnesiowustite with this composition at core-mantle boundary conditions and discuss the implications.


ISSN: 0003-004X
EISSN: 1945-3027
Coden: AMMIAY
Serial Title: American Mineralogist
Serial Volume: 102
Serial Issue: 8
Title: Single-crystal equations of state of magnesiowustite at high pressures
Affiliation: California Institute of Technology, Seismological Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, United States
Pages: 1709-1717
Published: 201708
Text Language: English
Publisher: Mineralogical Society of America, Washington, DC, United States
References: 62
Accession Number: 2017-076574
Categories: Geophysics of minerals and rocks
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. 3 tables
Secondary Affiliation: University of Hawaii, USA, United StatesArgonne National Laboratory, USA, United States
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2017, American Geosciences Institute. Abstract, copyright, Mineralogical Society of America. Reference includes data from GeoScienceWorld, Alexandria, VA, United States
Update Code: 201740
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