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Geology of the Don Manuel igneous complex, central Chile; implications for igneous processes in porphyry copper systems

Amy K. Gilmer, R. S. J. Sparks, Alison C. Rust, Simon Tapster, Adam D. Webb and Dan N. Barfod
Geology of the Don Manuel igneous complex, central Chile; implications for igneous processes in porphyry copper systems
Geological Society of America Bulletin (May 2017) 129 (7-8): 920-946

Abstract

The Don Manuel igneous complex and associated porphyry copper mineralization in the Andean Cordillera of central Chile demonstrate similarities between intrusive complexes associated with porphyry copper deposits and arc volcanoes that generate porphyritic volcanics. The Don Manuel igneous complex intrusions progressed from quartz monzonite through rhyolite and biotite tonalite to intermediate porphyritic and basaltic andesite dikes, which intrude the older units. Mineralization is associated with the biotite tonalite and intermediate porphyries, which also contain the greatest abundance of mafic enclaves. Zoning patterns within plagioclase phenocrysts suggest that the later intermediate porphyries comprise a hybridized suite formed by magma mixing. New zircon U-Pb ages and whole-rock Ar-Ar ages indicate that the Don Manuel igneous complex was emplaced between ca. 4 and 3.6 Ma. The time scale for the episodic intrusion of the Don Manuel igneous complex units is similar to observed episodicity of eruption and degassing events in active arc volcanoes. Observations from the Don Manuel igneous complex are consistent with the close spatial and temporal association of mineralization with episodic intrusion and interaction between silicic and mafic magmas during emplacement. The observations are also consistent with the hypothesis that mafic magma provides a source of sulfur for porphyry copper deposit formation.


ISSN: 0016-7606
EISSN: 1943-2674
Coden: BUGMAF
Serial Title: Geological Society of America Bulletin
Serial Volume: 129
Serial Issue: 7-8
Title: Geology of the Don Manuel igneous complex, central Chile; implications for igneous processes in porphyry copper systems
Affiliation: University of Bristol, School of Earth Sciences, Bristol, United Kingdom
Pages: 920-946
Published: 20170511
Text Language: English
Publisher: Geological Society of America (GSA), Boulder, CO, United States
References: 163
Accession Number: 2017-046421
Categories: Economic geology, geology of ore depositsIgneous and metamorphic petrologyGeochronology
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Annotation: GSA Data Repository item 2017127
Illustration Description: illus. incl. 3 tables, geol. sketch maps
S56°00'00" - S17°45'00", W76°00'00" - W67°00'00"
Secondary Affiliation: British Geological Survey, GBR, United KingdomBHP Billiton, CHL, ChileScottish Universities Environmental Research Centre, GBR, United Kingdom
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2017, American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from GeoScienceWorld, Alexandria, VA, United States. Reference includes data supplied by the Geological Society of America, Boulder, CO, United States
Update Code: 201725
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