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Volcanoes; characteristics, tipping points, and those pesky unknown unknowns

Colin J. N. Wilson
Volcanoes; characteristics, tipping points, and those pesky unknown unknowns (in Volcanoes; from mantle to surface, Keith D. Putirka (editor) and Kari M. Cooper (editor))
Elements (February 2017) 13 (1): 41-46


The geological record of volcanic eruptions suggests that scientists are some way from being able to forecast eruptions at many of the world's volcanoes. There are three reasons for this. First, continuing geological discoveries show that our knowledge is incomplete. Second, knowledge is limited about why, how, and when volcanic unrest turns into eruptions, and over what timescales. Third, there are imbalances between the studies of past eruptions, and the geophysical techniques and observations on modern events, versus the information needed or demanded by society. Scientists do not yet know whether there are other, presently unknown, factors that are important in controlling eruptions, or if there is an inherent unknowability about some volcanic systems.

ISSN: 1811-5209
Serial Title: Elements
Serial Volume: 13
Serial Issue: 1
Title: Volcanoes; characteristics, tipping points, and those pesky unknown unknowns
Title: Volcanoes; from mantle to surface
Author(s): Wilson, Colin J. N.
Author(s): Putirka, Keith D.editor
Author(s): Cooper, Kari M.editor
Affiliation: Victoria University, School of Geography, Environment and Earth Sciences, Wellington, New Zealand
Affiliation: California State University, Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Fresno, CA, United States
Pages: 41-46
Published: 201702
Text Language: English
Publisher: Mineralogical Society of America and Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland and Mineralogical Association of Canada and Geochemical Society and Clay Minerals Society, International
References: 30
Accession Number: 2017-020874
Categories: Quaternary geology
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus.
S37°00'00" - S36°40'00", E174°40'00" - E175°00'00"
S38°49'00" - S38°49'00", E176°00'00" - E176°00'00"
Country of Publication: International
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2017, American Geosciences Institute. Abstract, copyright, Mineralogical Society of America. Reference includes data from GeoScienceWorld, Alexandria, VA, United States
Update Code: 201714
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