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The Russian strategy of using crystalline rock as a repository for nuclear waste

Nikolai P. Laverov, Sergey V. Yudintsev, Boris T. Kochkin and Victor I. Malkovsky
The Russian strategy of using crystalline rock as a repository for nuclear waste (in Deep-mined geological disposal of radioactive waste, Bruce W. D. Yardley (editor), Rodney C. Ewing (editor) and Robert A. Whittleston (editor))
Elements (August 2016) 12 (4): 253-256


The first Russian underground repository for high- and intermediate-level radioactive waste (HLW and ILW, respectively) will be built in the crystalline Archean granite-gneisses at Yeniseisky (Krasnoyarsk region, Siberia). The geological and hydrogeological characteristics of this site are similar to those found in Forsmark (Sweden) and Olkiluoto (Finland). However, the Russian disposal strategy is different. HLW will be disposed in the form of an aluminophos phate glass and ILW (with long-lived radionuclides) will be cemented. Preliminary research on all aspects of repository design (stability of waste forms, waste packages, and bentonite buffer; evaluation of the geologic barrier; and simulation of radionuclide transport by groundwater) will be performed at an on-site underground research laboratory.

ISSN: 1811-5209
Serial Title: Elements
Serial Volume: 12
Serial Issue: 4
Title: The Russian strategy of using crystalline rock as a repository for nuclear waste
Title: Deep-mined geological disposal of radioactive waste
Author(s): Laverov, Nikolai P.Yudintsev, Sergey V.Kochkin, Boris T.Malkovsky, Victor I.
Author(s): Yardley, Bruce W. D.editor
Author(s): Ewing, Rodney C.editor
Author(s): Whittleston, Robert A.editor
Affiliation: Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Geology of Ore Deposits, Petrography, Mineralogy and Geochemistry, Moscow, Russian Federation
Affiliation: Radioactive Waste Management, Oxford, United Kingdom
Pages: 253-256
Published: 201608
Text Language: English
Publisher: Mineralogical Society of America and Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland and Mineralogical Association of Canada and Geochemical Society and Clay Minerals Society, International
References: 21
Accession Number: 2016-101618
Categories: Environmental geologyEngineering geology
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. sketch map
N50°00'00" - N80°00'00", W170°00'00" - E60°00'00"
N51°40'00" - N82°00'00", E78°00'00" - E112°30'00"
Country of Publication: International
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2017, American Geosciences Institute. Abstract, copyright, Mineralogical Society of America. Reference includes data from GeoScienceWorld, Alexandria, VA, United States
Update Code: 201649
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